Studies in Torah

Parashat Vayetze (ויצא): Genesis 28:10–32:2

“Truly, truly, I say to you, you will see the heavens opened and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.” (John 1:51 NASB)

That rather cryptic comment from Natan’el  wrapped up Who the Mashiakh would be and the Anointed One’s role in a neat package.

“Under the fig tree,” “true son of Israel,” “Son of Man,” ladder between Heaven and Earth: These are symbols a student of “every word that proceeds from the mouth of God” like Natan’el would have known.

The Torah reading (parashah) ויצא Vayetze or Vayetzei (“he went out,” Gen. 28:10–32:2) covers the dream of Ya’akob’s ladder, Ya’akov‘s seven-year wait to marry Rakhel, Laban’s double-dealing to marry off his oldest daughter, a sister battle over fertility and the origins of the names of the 12 tribes of Israel. Sprinkled through these accounts are prophetic breadcrumbs leading to

The traditional complementary Prophets and Writings reading (haftarah) for Vayetze is Hos. 12:12–14:9.

Companion reading from the B’rit Chadashah (New Testament) from (also has through-the-Bible readings):

  • Jn. 1:19–51 (Parashiot From the Torah and Haftarah by Jeffrey E. Feinbe of Flame Foundation; Complete Jewish Bible by David H. Stern)

The following are notes and recordings of studies by Hallel Fellowship teachers on passages in Vayetze.

Genesis 28:10–32:2: Messiah seeks ‘the lost sheep of Israel’


Genesis 28:10–32:2: Underestimating the strength of the ‘weak’

Genesis 28–29

Ya’akov finds God then Rachel

Ya’akov is sent away to find a wife and finds God first at the bottom of a ladder to Heaven. Then he finds Rachel and ends up with her sister and two slave women. There seems to be something prophetic about Rachel.

Ya’akov dreams of a ladder to Heaven, works for Rachel but gets Leah; Leah has sons but Rachel is barren

The vision of “Ya’akov‘s ladder” and his being hoodwinked on his wedding night with Leah instead of Rachel make for entertaining reading, but why does the message of Mashiakh touch on these accounts? Genesis 28–29 also shows us how involved God is in this world throughout time.

Genesis 30

Rachel vs. Leah and the names of the 12 sons of Israel

Rachel envied her sister, Leah, and Leah hated Rachel because Ya’akov loved her. The names of the his 12 sons reflect this tug of war between the sisters and contain prophecies to be fulfilled hundreds of years later.

Battle of the Ya’akov’s handmaidens foretells of Messiah’s gathering of the nations

Does this chapter have anything to do with the Messiah, or is it just a history about the family of Ya’akov? The meanings of the names of each of these children in sequence tells the story of the Messiah and how He will gather the nations (gentiles) into God’s family. The entire Bible is about Mashiakh, not just about Abraham, Yitskhak, Ya’akov, Yosef or their descendants.

Genesis 31:1–32:2

Laban and Ya’akov’s final covenant

Why is this dissertation of ancient livestock breeding techniques recorded? What is it about the range of meanings of the Hebrew word translated “mandrakes” that is a prophecy about Mashiakh?

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