Studies in Torah

Parashat Pinchas (פינחס): Numbers 25:10-30:1

Adultery is seen as no big deal in today’s society. Consider, though, how the hurt person in the relationship feels. That’s why Israel’s running after false gods and treating YHWH with contempt or apathy is compared to adultery many times in Scripture. This kind of unfaithfulness and rebuilding of the relationship between Creator and created is the subtext of this passage — פינחס Pinchas (“Phinehas”).

The traditional companion reading (haftarah) for this passage is 1Kings 18:46-19:21 (see below). It fits well with the aftermath of the judgment that followed Israel’s chasing after the false god Ba’al of Peor with the women of Moab.

Listen to recorded discussions and read study notes from Hallel Fellowship teachers Richard, Daniel and Jeff.

Numbers 25:10–30:1: Losing your first love

 

Parashah: Num. 25:10–30:1

Numbers 25: Perpetual priesthood of peace and mercy for wayward Israel

Have you been “dragged away and enticed” by something that seems irresistibly appealing? Feel like God could never take you back? A false prophet enticed Israel away from God with sex, but God’s ambassador was there to mend the relationship.

Numbers 26–27: Accounting for light and righteousness in Israel

After various plagues and judgments over the 40 years of wandering in wilderness, God called for Israel to be counted again. It was also time to divide the Promised Land among the 12 tribes, based on the wisdom of God’s light and righteousness.

Does ‏אלף ’elef mean ‘thousand’ or ‘clan’ in Exodus and Numbers?

Some have asserted that the huge numbers of people listed in various places in Exodus and Numbers are impossible or unlikely for a number of real-world reasons. Those include lack of mention of such big numbers in Egyptian and other secular accounts, archaeological estimates of populations at the time, food supply and other logistics for such huge numbers during the Exodus, number of years Israel was in Egypt, smaller numbers mentioned in the Bible hundreds of years later, trepidation of Israel to invade the Land despite having huge army, etc. Rather than exegesis — a critical examination of a text from the text — this is eisegesis — a critical examination of a text from considerations outside the text. What follows is a close study of the numbers listed in Numbers 1 (cf. Ex. 12:37 and 38:26), the pattern for which is used in following chapters and elsewhere in the Hebrew Bible. The plain reading of the text is that the Hebrew word אלף ’elef (Strong’s lexicon No. 505) means “thousand,” rather than “clan,” “chief,” or “group.”

Numbers 28:1-10: Messiah in daily and Sabbath offerings

Learn how to see Messiah Yeshua in the qorbanot (offerings, sacrifices) presented at the Tabernacle of Israel as the tamid (continual, morning and evening) and Shabbat (Sabbath) offerings.

Numbers 28:11–31: Meaning behind monthly, Passover and Pentecost offerings

Learn how to see Messiah Yeshua (Christ Jesus) in the Rosh Chodesh (New Moon), Pesakh (Passover) and Shavu’ot (Pentecost) offerings.

Numbers 29: Messiah in offerings on Trumpets, Atonement and Tabernacles

Learn how to see Messiah Yeshua (Christ Jesus) in the Yom Teruah (Day of Blowing Trumpets), Yom haKippurim (Day of Atonement) and Sukkot (Tabernacles) offerings.

Haftarah: 1Kings 18:46-19:21

1st Kings 18: Eliyahu of YHWH challenges Ahab and Yezebel of Ba’al and Asherah

The clash on Mt. Carmel between Eliyahu (Elijah) and the priests of Ba’al was part of bigger clash between a rebellious king of the northern kingdom, Ahab, and his foreign queen, Yezebel (Jezebel), and her false gods. Among the prophets of the north who Eliyahu saves from the purge of YHWH’s servants was ObidaYah (Obidaiah), possibly the same one who wrote a short book of the Bible.

1st Kings 19: Did Eliyahu understand what God wanted?

Just as God didn’t let the prophet Eliyahu (Elijah) quit from the mission, God doesn’t want us to become discouraged and quit our tasks.

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