Category Archives: Discussions

Numbers 30: Daughter of Zion and the Father’s prerogative

Asking for a father’s permission to marry his daughter is viewed as comically anachronistic today. Likewise, these instructions for a father’s ability to annul a daughter’s vow seem a relic of yesteryear. Yet God teaches through object lessons, and what’s being communicated here is far more important than a surface impression.

Parallel passages: Deut. 23:21-23; Eccl. 5:1-7

Thought questions

  • How do these instruction on vows relate to the fact Adam sinned and Eve was deceived?
  • How do these instructions relate to our lives today?
  • Who are these vows to?
  • Does a widow or divorced person need permission from her father to remarry (see Num. 30:9)?
  • Is marriage different than a vow?
  • How is the relation between a man and wife as well as between a father and daughter?
  • Is Israel “married” to Messiah?
    • If so, how does that relationship work?
  • Why is Jerusalem called the “daughter of Zion”?
    • Who set up Zion?
  • Is the assembly of Israel to respond emotionally and rashly?
  • How should we approach our prayer life if we are like a bride or a daughter to God?
  • Do these instructions on vows relate to obedience of a wife or daughter or to blessings?
  • What lessons in mercy and commitment are there for husbands and fathers?

כל עולה kol ’olah (whole burnt) offerings and life today

  • What are the requirements for an עולה ’olah (burnt) offering?
    • no disfigurement
    • entirely burnt up
  • How does that relate to apostle Paul’s instruction to be a “living sacrifice” (Romans 12:1)?
  • What happens if you have sinned and are no longer “spotless” how can you present yourself as a “living sacrifice”? (Read 1st John 1:9.)
  • When we present ourselves, shouldn’t we ask whether our thoughts and words and actions are pure and true?

Joshua 10

Reader: David De Fever
Teacher: Daniel Agee

Thought questions

  • What does it mean in verse 14 that on the longest day there has "never been a day like it, a day when God listened to a man"?
  • According to Deuteronomy 6:10–11, how was Israel to inherit cities and vineyards without destroying them in the conquest? What would make the inhabitants of those cities come out of their strong defensive positions to fight Israel? Did Israel occupy the cities it captured?
  • Why did Israel have to kill the women and children of those cities too? Why does it matter that God can "kill and make alive again"?
  • Why did the Gibeonites ask Israel to "save us or help us" and pointed out that Gibeonites were "your servants"?
  • How do we know that the moon and sun stood still around 9 a.m. that day? How are the naturalistic explanations of the longest day preposterous? How do we know the account wasn’t a myth? What did the Egyptian water clocks of the day indicate about that day?

Numbers 29: Messiah in offerings on Trumpets, Atonement and Tabernacles

Learn how to see Messiah Yeshua (Christ Jesus) in the קרבנות qorbanot (offerings, sacrifices) presented in the Tabernacle on the מועדים moedim (appointed times, festivals) of יום תרעה Yom Teruah (Day of Blowing Trumpets), יום כפרים Yom haKippurim (Day of Atonement) and סכות Sukkot (Tabernacles).

These annual memorials of God’s action pointed forward to what Yeshua would do, has done, is doing and will do in the last days.

Thought questions

  • What patterns are there in which sacrifices are offer on which Holy Day? What do those patterns tell us?
  • Why must each grain/minhakh offering have salt, and what does it have to do with Abraham?
  • Should we “count the omer” between Firstfruits or count the weeks heading to Shavuot (Feast of Weeks or Pentecost)?
  • What’s the significance of 14 lambs offered each day of Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles)? How does that relate to apostle Paul’s statement in Romans 8:36 that he was like sheep “killed all day long”?
  • Where did the animals for the sacrifices come from? How many animals did each family have? What responsibility did the leadership have in this regard?
  • What do each of the offerings represent?
  • What happens to a priest who acts contrary to the will of the LORD?
  • How are the leaders reconciled? Why are five different offerings required of errant leaders? What if there is not “peace” between a leader, and God when the leader approaches with a peace/fellowship offering?
  • Why were there so many dynasties in the Kingdom of Israel (the northern kingdom) and only one in the Kingdom of Judah (the southern kingdom)?
  • How do these offerings relate to us today?What do we offer God for sin today?
    • Chol offering = whole body, all of us
    • Minhakh/grain offering = sincerity & truth
    • Sin/guilt offering = eliminate half of the offering and burn the rest on the altar to eliminate it from your life
    • Repentance/fellowship offering = turn around
  • What’s the process for reconciliation with our High Priest, Messiah Yeshua?
    • How does this relate to the two greatest commandments?
    • Can Yeshua offer us without repentence of sin, transgression and iniquity, if the high priests of Israel couldn’t do so?
  • What is the object of the Holy Days? How much does God require of us?

Matthew 16 — Good or bad “yeast”?

Yeast is commonly seen as a symbol for pride, something bad. Why does God command us to not eat leavened bread for seven days after Passover then at Shavuot (Pentecost) command that He be offered two loaves of leavened bread? How is the answer to this paradox found in Yeshua’s cryptic instruction to His disciples to beware of the “yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees”? Continue reading Matthew 16 — Good or bad “yeast”?

Joshua 9

Teacher: Daniel Agee [contact]

Thought questions

  • How did Yehoshua (Joshua) punish the Gibeonites for their ruse?
    • How did that punishment end up being a great blessing?
    • What were the Gibeonites really up to, according to the Hebrew?
    • If I enter an agreement with someone based on a fraud, is one bound to it?
    • Why did Joshua go along with the deal?
      • Weren’t they violating G-d’s command to kill all in Canaan?
      • Wouldn’t killing the Gibeonites violate the Third Commandment in taking G-d’s Name in vain because the Gibeonites appealed to G-d in their ruse?
      • What are the levels of importance of the 10 commandments and the Canaan law?
  • How did King Saul make the wrong decision by attacking the Gibeonites?
  • Why didn’t Joshua consult God when the Gibeonite "ambassadors" come to him?
    • How did the "ambassadors" stroke the egos of Joshua and the leaders?
    • How many mistakes has Joshua made so far?
    • What were the reasons for the mistakes?
    • What were the areas G-d told Joshua to "be strong, and courageous"?
    • What did Moses do when he or others had a question?
  • How did the Gibeonites know the Israelites would uphold the deal?
    • What techniques did the Canaanites use against Israel during the conquest?
    • Why was it in the Gibeonites’ best interests to try the ruse in the first place?
    • What did they know and understand?

Numbers 28:11–31: Meaning behind monthly, Passover and Pentecost offerings

Learn how to see Messiah Yeshua (Christ Jesus) in the קרבנות qorbanot (offerings, sacrifices) presented at the Tabernacle of Israel on each ראש חדש Rosh Chodesh (New Moon), פסח Pesakh (Passover) and שבעות Shavu’ot (Pentecost).

These monthly and annual memorials of God’s action pointed forward to what Yeshua would do.