Tag Archives: Exodus

Parashat Tetzaveh (תצוה): Exodus 27:20-30:10

“For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.” (Hebrews 4:15 ESV)

What does is mean that Yeshua is our “high priest”? We can learn a lot about that role from the inauguration of the first high priest of the people of God, described in detail in this week’s Torah reading, תצוה Tetzaveh (“you shall command”), covering Exodus 27:20-30:10.

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Parashat Terumah (תרומה): Exodus 25:1–27:19

“And see that you make them after the pattern for them, which is being shown you on the mountain.” (Exodus 25:40 ESV)

What’s so important about the meticulous detail in the instructions for the Tabernacle? These pictures are like the résumé for the Mashiakh, the Christ. This week’s Torah reading, תרומה Terumah (“heave offering”), covering Ex. 25:1-27:19, foreshadows the work of Yeshua.

Continue reading Parashat Terumah (תרומה): Exodus 25:1–27:19

Parshat Mishpatim (משפטים): Exodus 21:1–24:18

Yeshua the Mashiakh told us the two greatest commandments were to love God unreservedly and to love other people unselfishly (Matt. 22:34–40; Mark 12:28–31; Deut. 6:4–6; Lev. 19:18). Learning what the LORD would do in a situation — to walk as He walked (1Jn. 2:6) — is at the heart of this week’s Torah reading מִּשְׁפָּטִים Mishpatim (“judgements,” Ex. 21:1-24:18).

Continue reading Parshat Mishpatim (משפטים): Exodus 21:1–24:18

Parashat Yitro (יתרו): Exodus 18:1–20:23

“And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband.” (Revelation 21:2 NASB; cf. Isa. 61:10; Rev. 19:7; 21:9; 22:17)

Scripture likens people truly loyal to the Creator of Heaven and Earth to a bride. And the presentation of the Ten Commandments at Sinai is compared to the signing of a  ketubah (wedding contract).

It’s not by coincidence there are a number of parallels between the events at Sinai recorded in this week’s Torah reading — יתרו Yitro (Jethro), covering Exodus 18:1–20:23 — and the Jewish wedding ceremony. Marriage is about transparency, devotion and loyalty, and that’s the testimony of the LORD in the Ten Words of Exodus 20.

Continue reading Parashat Yitro (יתרו): Exodus 18:1–20:23

Parashat Beshalach (בשלח): Exodus 13:17-17:16

It took more faith to save Yisra’el than lamb’s blood on the doorposts as the Destroyer of the firstborn roamed the streets of Mitzraim during the first Passover. Then came being cornered by a huge army and going into the desert without sufficient water or food. It’s all part of the training in righteousness that all believers in the LORD much travel.

Continue reading Parashat Beshalach (בשלח): Exodus 13:17-17:16

Parashat Pekudei (פקודי): Exodus 38:21-40:38

Read study notes and listen to recorded discussions by teacher Richard on this week’s Torah reading, פקודי Pekudei (“countings”), covering Ex. 38:21–40:38.

Also, check out teacher Daniel’s studies on the standard Haftarah (Writings and Prophets) reading for this week.

Exodus 38–40

Second witness of instructions for building the Tabernacle

The people of Israel being making the different parts of the Tabernacle in Exodus 38-39. In Exodus 40, the people assemble the Tabernacle with Moses handling the final touches. The book of Exodus ends with God’s signaling His approval of the work of the people’s hands by visibly dwelling within the Tabernacle.

Designs for the Tabernacle implements shows God has a place for each of us

There is a lot of exactness described in Exodus 39-40 for the design of the furniture and implements of the Tabernacle of Israel. One lesson we can draw from this is every piece of furniture had its own exclusive place. Every item had its irreplaceable function in God’s house. We were all brought to God’s High Priest first. Yeshua the High Priest presented us to the Father. When God calls us to Himself, He calls us to our irreplaceable task too. Another lesson from the directed precision is God trained the people to stay where He stayed and move when He moved.

Exodus 12–40 recap

When Yeshua told the elders that the scriptures speak of Him, many of us had no idea how much Messianic foreshadowing is found in this book. The exit from Egypt after Passover and the journey to Canaan was orderly, not chaotic. The journeys to and from Egypt, for Abraham, Joseph, Jacob and the Messiah are a lesson for us.

Haftarah: 1st Kings 7:51–8:21

Lessons from the design of Solomon’s palace

A description of the design of Solomon’s palace seems more appropriate for an architecture textbook than the Scriptures. Yet the elements of the design tap frequent symbols in Scripture, pointing to the roles of “priest” and “king” in the Messianic Age.

Prophecy of the two temple pillars

Like with the previous passages on the design of the temple and Solomon’s palace, the design of the two pillars at the entrance of the temple reveals the prophecy by Ezekiel’s lying on one side and the other. Solomon was prophesying the number of years the temple would stand before being destroyed.

Symbols of the temple cleaning basins

Continuing the lessons from the items in the temple Solomon built for God, we look at the washing basins and see a parallel between the design elements and the role of God’s Spirit in cleaning the lives of believers and our role in that.

Moving from copper Snake world to God’s golden kingdom

Continuing the 1st Kings 7 exploration of the lessons of the design of the temple Solomon built for God, we see a division of copper and gold items. The lesson of copper in the outer temple area and gold in the inner temple area is God wants to clean us by moving us from the world of the Snake to God’s world.

Shadow of Yom Kippur, Sukkot in dedication of first Temple

The lessons of God’s covering His people’s rebellion and moving His dwelling among His people, symbolized in the appointed times of Yom Kippurim and Sukkot, were acted out on a human level during the dedication of the first temple.

Solomon’s prayer at the dedication of God’s people-temple

King Solomon built a structure for God’s presence to occupy in Yerushalayim (Jerusalem), but Solomon’s prayer points toward God’s people’s being the dwelling place of God.

Chiastic teaching ties together messianic figures Moshe, David and Shlomo

A chiastic structure buried in 1st Kings 8 compares messianic figures of Moshe (Moses), David and Shlomo (Solomon) by changing up the historical and thematic order of them. This swapping is very important because it reveals elements of the character of the Messiah.

Exodus 18:1–20:23: Like Father, like Son

At Mt. Sinai, the Creator testified what “love the LORD your God with all your heart, all your soul and all your strength” really means. In the Torah reading יתרו Yitro (Genesis 18:1-20:23), we explore how Heaven gives us different tasks and different means to fulfill those duties.Heaven gives us different tasks and different means to fulfill those duties. These are not only money but also talents.

We shouldn’t spend so much energy trying to develop or “correct” someone else’s talents, instead of developing and molding our characters to match the Father’s testimony, broken down to its core in the 10 Commandments.

Continue reading Exodus 18:1–20:23: Like Father, like Son