Numbers 26–27: Accounting for light and righteousness in Israel

After various plagues and judgments over the 40 years of wandering in wilderness, God called for Israel to be counted again. It was also time to divide the Promised Land among the 12 tribes, based on the wisdom of God’s light and righteousness.

Thought questions

  • What does it mean to divide the land by lots?
  • Is the count by אלף elef, by clans or by thousands adding up to 601,000?
    • What is the significance of the word census in Num. 26:2 being the Hebrew word ראש rosh, which means “head”?
    • How many “heads” or “divisions” did each tribe have? (Compare the use of אלף elef in Joshua 6:15.)
  • If the Hebrew words Urim and Thurim mean “light” and “righteousness,” respectively, how does the use of decision-making objects named after those words relate to the division of the Promised Land among the tribes?

Purim (Festival of Lots): The “hidden” holy day

Teacher: Daniel Agee

Just as Esther is the “hidden Jew” in the account recorded in the Bible book by the same name, Purim, or the Festival of Lots, is the hidden holy day with massive Messianic meaning for the Day of YHWH. [View pictures of  Hallel Fellowship’s celebration.] Continue reading Purim (Festival of Lots): The “hidden” holy day

Numbers 25: Perpetual priesthood of peace and mercy for wayward Israel

Have you been “dragged away and enticed” by something that seems irresistibly appealing? Feel like God could never take you back? A false prophet enticed Israel away from God with sex, but God’s ambassador was there to mend the relationship. 

Thought questions

  • What is the significance of the covenant of peace with Phinehas?
  • What was Peor?
  • How does that play into Baalam’s knowledge of the LORD?
  • What does Ba’al mean?
  • What does “hang them in the sun” mean in Num. 25:4? Which direction does the tabernacle face?
  • Why is the Midianite woman who went in the an Isarelite man named?
  • What does “worship” mean?
  • How did Phinehas make atonement for Israel by killing the rebellious Israelite man?
  • What does “whoredom” or “play the harlot” mean in Num. 25:1? What does “adultery” mean?
  • How does this meaning play into the prophet’s and Messiah’s use of the word to describe rebellious Israelites?
  • Why were the leaders weeping at the door of the Tabernacle?

Joshua 5

Teacher: Daniel Agee [contact]
File size: 12.9 MB [download MP3]
Duration: 53:50

Thought questions

  • Why was the commander of the LORD’s army standing with his sword drawn?
    • How does this relate to the time of year?
    • Does God take sides?
  • What’s the significance of circumcision before Passover?
    • Why hadn’t they been circumcised before?
    • What is the connection between the crossing of Jordan and circumcision?
    • What happened after Israel crossed the Red Sea, and how does that relate to circumcision?
    • What does baptism and circumcision mean?
    • What are you trying to cut off in circumcision?
    • What is the difference between who witnesses baptism and circumcision?
    • What is the definition of circumcision before the Messiah?
    • How would you feel if your spouse doesn’t want to wear a ring?
  • What is baptism?
    • How are baptism and circumcision similar in the time and in the male’s and believer’s life?
    • How do you get a new identity with God?
    • What does it mean to roll away the reproach of Fgypt?
    • How did the pining for Egypt continue from the first to the second generation out of Egypt?
  • Why did those in Apostolic congregations detest those who weren’t circumcised?
    • Why is the commander of the LORD’s army neither for or against Israel?
    • Why is the land where Yehoshua (Joshua) is standing holy?

Numbers 24: Balaam sees Messiah’s not-yet coming

The cryptic lines of Balaam’s reluctant blessing of Israel contains pictures of what Israel should expect in its Messiah.

Thought questions

What is the purpose of Baalam’s message to Balak?

What was the difference between the two oracles of Numbers 23? What is the significance of Baalam’s eyes and ears being opened in the oracles in Numbers 24?

What did Baalam see and hear?

What is meant by a wide valley in Num. 24:6?

What is the prophesy in “his seed will be many waters”?

What time period did Baalam see with Agag being deposed?

Which king of Israel came out of Egypt?

Who does Baalam see but is not yet in Num. 24:17?

When the Magi saw the star move what direction did the star move?

Did Yeshua’s first coming subdue Moab? When are Edom and Seir mentioned? How does this related to the prophecy of they younger ruling over the older?

Joshua 3–4

Teacher: Daniel Agee [contact]
File size: 11.2 MB [download MP3]
Duration: 46:49

Parallels between Yehoshua’s movement of Israel across Yordan (Jordan) River into the Promised Land the ministry of Messiah Yeshua past, present & future.

Thought questions

  • What things in chapters 3 and 4 that connect to the Messiah?
    • Entering promised land and the 10th day of the first month.
    • v. 2 — At the end of the third day, they were told to get ready for the fourth day–crossing?
    • 31/2 days — Joshua rose early on first day; marshals show up end of 3 days
    • v. 3 — Anything ark moves, 6 tribes in front, 6 in back but this time, the ark leads, why?
    • v. 3 — tells us the people were to remain 2ooo cubits away from the ark. 1 cubit is the span of a man’s arm from elbow to fingertip. Why is this counting of man? How many years after this generation died to when anyone to follow Messiah?
    • Why are all these things symbolic of Messiah?
  • v. 7 — Why does God say he will "exalt you"?
  • What did Yehoshua say who did this?
    • What did Messiah say His job was in relation to God?
  • v. 8 — What happened when all Israel crossed the Red Sea? What is this symbolic of?
  • Has this new generation been baptized?
  • Who is showing the way?
  • v. 9 — How does Yehoshua’s rods "come here and see" mirror Messiah’s words?
  • v. 10 — Who does Messiah’s give glory for His actions?
  • v. 12 — How are the 12 men from the tribes similar to Yeshua’s mission?
  • v. 14 — How does leaving tents to go into the promise land parallel where Messiah is taking us?
  • v. 16 — What were the massive columns of water?
  • What is the Dead Sea symbolic of in prophesy of Ezekiel’s Temple? (dead sea=man=nations)
  • v 14-15 — How are picking up 12 stones from under the ark in the river similar to the work of Yeshua’s 12 disciples?
  • ch. 4:9 — Why did Yehoshua put stones from the land into the river? How is that symbolic of Israel of nations without a home?
  • How is it prophetic of Israel displacing the Caananites?
    • What is the messsage of the stones swapping for Israel who was only ones to see it?
    • What is the testimony to us today?
  • Numbers 23: Balaam prophesies of Israel and Messiah

    Though he was reluctant to pass it along, Balaam’s prophecy would stretch long into the future of Israel and foretell actions of the Messiah.

    Thought questions

    • What is the significance of the numbers 3 and 7?
      • Seven altars are mentioned three times
    • What was Balak trying to accomplish?
    • How did the goyim (Hebrew for “nations”) know the bull and ram were the offerings?
      • Who was the prophet to the goyim at tht time?
    • What was the connection between Balak’s three attempts to “change God’s mind” and the approach of the goyim to their gods?
    • Where was Israel at the time?
    • What terrified Balak about Israel’s victory over Aram (Num. 23:18 JPS)?
    • What is so prophetic about Balaam’s oracle (Num. 23:18–24)?
      • What does it mean “there is no sorcery against Jacob” and “no divination against Israel”?
      • What is meant in Num. 23:10 “count the dust of Jacob” and “number a one-1oth of Israel”?
      • Why is Jacob first and Israel second?
      • What is the difference, considering dust is a prophetic symbol for the “offspring of Jacob”?
      • When is iniquity no longer found in Jacob? What does Yom haKippurim predict?
      • Does does that bring in no more “divine” action or divination against Jacob and Israel?
      • How does this relate to the Apostle Paul’s statement that “all Israel will be saved” (Romans 11:26)?
      • How is Num. 23:21 prophetic of the monarchy period of Israel?
        • How is this a prediction of the Messiah.
      • When will Jacob and Israel rise and go to war against goyim as in Num. 23:24?
    • How do we know there were seven princes from Moab?
    • What are the goyim waiting for?
    • Why has God been blessing Israel?
    • Why has God been blessing the United States?