Joshua 11

Teacher: Daniel Agee

Thought questions

  • Why would God command the harming of horses that didn’t harm you or for food?
  • In Deuteronomy 17:14, God commands Israel not to raise chariot horses, what does the use of chariot horses have to do with faith?
  • What was so special about the city of Sidon, located in modern-day Lebanon?
  • What’s the significance in this chapter of Jewish philosophy that says you must give an enemy the chance for peace before attack?
  • How were Rahab’s actions perceived by the people to Canaan?
  • Should we pray that the world be hardened by the Islamization of the world so the evil can be exposed in not wanting peace with G-d?
    • How is this similar to G-d’s actions in Egypt and Canaan?
    • What did Hitler, Stalin, Mao and Kim Il Sung expose about their ideologies?

Numbers 30: Daughter of Zion and the Father’s prerogative

Asking for a father’s permission to marry his daughter is viewed as comically anachronistic today. Likewise, these instructions for a father’s ability to annul a daughter’s vow seem a relic of yesteryear. Yet God teaches through object lessons, and what’s being communicated here is far more important than a surface impression.

Parallel passages: Deut. 23:21-23; Eccl. 5:1-7

Thought questions

  • How do these instruction on vows relate to the fact Adam sinned and Eve was deceived?
  • How do these instructions relate to our lives today?
  • Who are these vows to?
  • Does a widow or divorced person need permission from her father to remarry (see Num. 30:9)?
  • Is marriage different than a vow?
  • How is the relation between a man and wife as well as between a father and daughter?
  • Is Israel “married” to Messiah?
    • If so, how does that relationship work?
  • Why is Jerusalem called the “daughter of Zion”?
    • Who set up Zion?
  • Is the assembly of Israel to respond emotionally and rashly?
  • How should we approach our prayer life if we are like a bride or a daughter to God?
  • Do these instructions on vows relate to obedience of a wife or daughter or to blessings?
  • What lessons in mercy and commitment are there for husbands and fathers?

כל עולה kol ’olah (whole burnt) offerings and life today

  • What are the requirements for an עולה ’olah (burnt) offering?
    • no disfigurement
    • entirely burnt up
  • How does that relate to apostle Paul’s instruction to be a “living sacrifice” (Romans 12:1)?
  • What happens if you have sinned and are no longer “spotless” how can you present yourself as a “living sacrifice”? (Read 1st John 1:9.)
  • When we present ourselves, shouldn’t we ask whether our thoughts and words and actions are pure and true?

Joshua 10

Reader: David De Fever
Teacher: Daniel Agee

Thought questions

  • What does it mean in verse 14 that on the longest day there has "never been a day like it, a day when God listened to a man"?
  • According to Deuteronomy 6:10–11, how was Israel to inherit cities and vineyards without destroying them in the conquest? What would make the inhabitants of those cities come out of their strong defensive positions to fight Israel? Did Israel occupy the cities it captured?
  • Why did Israel have to kill the women and children of those cities too? Why does it matter that God can "kill and make alive again"?
  • Why did the Gibeonites ask Israel to "save us or help us" and pointed out that Gibeonites were "your servants"?
  • How do we know that the moon and sun stood still around 9 a.m. that day? How are the naturalistic explanations of the longest day preposterous? How do we know the account wasn’t a myth? What did the Egyptian water clocks of the day indicate about that day?

Numbers 29: Messiah in offerings on Trumpets, Atonement and Tabernacles

Learn how to see Messiah Yeshua (Christ Jesus) in the קרבנות qorbanot (offerings, sacrifices) presented in the Tabernacle on the מועדים moedim (appointed times, festivals) of יום תרעה Yom Teruah (Day of Blowing Trumpets), יום כפרים Yom haKippurim (Day of Atonement) and סכות Sukkot (Tabernacles).

These annual memorials of God’s action pointed forward to what Yeshua would do, has done, is doing and will do in the last days.

Thought questions

  • What patterns are there in which sacrifices are offer on which Holy Day? What do those patterns tell us?
  • Why must each grain/minhakh offering have salt, and what does it have to do with Abraham?
  • Should we “count the omer” between Firstfruits or count the weeks heading to Shavuot (Feast of Weeks or Pentecost)?
  • What’s the significance of 14 lambs offered each day of Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles)? How does that relate to apostle Paul’s statement in Romans 8:36 that he was like sheep “killed all day long”?
  • Where did the animals for the sacrifices come from? How many animals did each family have? What responsibility did the leadership have in this regard?
  • What do each of the offerings represent?
  • What happens to a priest who acts contrary to the will of the LORD?
  • How are the leaders reconciled? Why are five different offerings required of errant leaders? What if there is not “peace” between a leader, and God when the leader approaches with a peace/fellowship offering?
  • Why were there so many dynasties in the Kingdom of Israel (the northern kingdom) and only one in the Kingdom of Judah (the southern kingdom)?
  • How do these offerings relate to us today?What do we offer God for sin today?
    • Chol offering = whole body, all of us
    • Minhakh/grain offering = sincerity & truth
    • Sin/guilt offering = eliminate half of the offering and burn the rest on the altar to eliminate it from your life
    • Repentance/fellowship offering = turn around
  • What’s the process for reconciliation with our High Priest, Messiah Yeshua?
    • How does this relate to the two greatest commandments?
    • Can Yeshua offer us without repentence of sin, transgression and iniquity, if the high priests of Israel couldn’t do so?
  • What is the object of the Holy Days? How much does God require of us?

Timing of the Events of the Exodus and the Feast of Unleavened Bread

Feast of Unleavened Bread 2007 — Day 7
Speaker: Richard Agee

The timing of the exodus, travel to the sea, crossing the sea and travel to Mt. Sinai to receive God’s instructions mirrors Messiah’s deliverance of us from slavery to sin, taking us to baptism and then leading us toward His instructions. Continue reading Timing of the Events of the Exodus and the Feast of Unleavened Bread

When Was the Wave Sheaf Offering and Yeshua’s Resurrection?

Feast of Unleavened Bread 2007 — Day 5
Speaker: Richard Agee

Thought questions

  • Why do Christians celebrate the resurrection of Messiah Yeshua on Sunday?
    • Where did the early Christians get that idea?
    • Why is it called a “wave offering”?
    • What does God do with the offering?
    • What is the “bread of life”?
  • What “feast of the LORD” is connected to the wave offering?
    • What are the two loaves of the wave offering made out of ?
  • How does “on the morrow” from old English in Hebrew change the meaning of “the day after” in most translations of Leviticus 23:11 in relation to the day of the week of the wave offering?
    • How does that change the traditional interpretation of the resurrection of Messiah?
    • What does “after the Sabbath” mean in Matthew 28:1, Mark 11 and 13:35 and Luke 6:1? Doesn’t that mean the first day of the week?
  • What does all this mean for us today?
    • What is the significance of the gathering of the “first of the firstfruits” described in 1st Corinthians 15:20?
    • How are we supposed to count the “omer” or each Shabbat between the wave offering and Shavuot (Feast of Weeks or Pentecost)?
    • Who are the “second of the firstfruits”?
    • If there are seven Shabbats between the wave offering and Shavuot, are there sevent reapings or callings of God? Are they seen in the Bible book Revelation?
    • What is the “acceptable day of the LORD”?
    • If Messiah rose on the first of the Shabbats of Shavuot, when are we accepted by God?
  • How are the seven days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread connected to Shavuot?