Judaism calls the first day of the seventh lunar month from the spring equinox Rosh Hashanah (Hebrew for "head of the year" or new year). The Bible calls it the "day of blowing trumpets" (Num. 29:1). It does begin the fall harvest festivals described in the Bible, which are associated with the coming of God to set up His kingdom on earth, otherwise known as the "Day of the LORD" (Zech. 14:16-19). However, as Richard Agee explains, it also is the start of the cycles of seven found throughout the Bible referring to "rest" (the Hebrew words for both "rest" and "seven" are similar): seventh day of the week is the day of rest, the Shabbat (Gen. 2:3; Ex. 20:8-10); every seventh year the land must rest (Ex. 23:11); seventh group of seven years, or the Jubilee (Lev. 25).
God’s appointments with His people — moedim in Hebrew — in the spring drew from the imagery of the departure of ancient Israel from Egypt and the first harvests of barley and wheat. The fall moedim come at the end of the agricultural cycle in the land of Israel and revolve around the second wheat harvest as well as those for olives and grapes. These two sets of moedim foreshadow and remind us of the work of Messiah Yeshua (Jesus). Continue reading Fall 2007 appointments with God
The number 40 plays heavily in this chapter. Both Moses and Yeshua had to spend 40 days and 40 nights alone in prayer with God to prepare themselves to teach and lead His people through difficult times ahead. It’s no coincidence that a woman carries a child in her womb for 40 weeks either and the correlation is purposeful as Moses’ 40 days and nights with God brought forth the 10 commandments into the world. Yeshua’s 40 days and 40 nights gave Him the strength to resist temptation and defeat Satan.
Reader: Dave De Fever
Teacher: Daniel Agee
Questions addressed in the recorded discussion Continue reading Judges 1
Deut. 9 starts with the refrain “Hear O Israel.” This time God is not declaring His own unity, or telling the children of Israel what they need to do. This time, God is telling the children of Israel what He will do for them: “Know therefore today that it is the LORD your God who is crossing over before you as a consuming fire. He will destroy them and He will subdue them before you, so that you may drive them out and destroy them quickly, just as the LORD has spoken to you.” (Deuteronomy 9:3 NASB)
Continue reading Deuteronomy 9: The Lord is a consuming fire
Reader: Daniel Agee