Numbers 31: Israel battles Midian after prurient sneak attack

The call for Israel to attack Midian, located on the southwestern coast of modern-day Saudi Arabia, comes after Midian’s plot to send in women to lure Israel away from the LORD. That, in turn, came because the LORD wouldn’t allow Bilam (Balaam) to curse Israel.

Joshua 14–15:19

Reader: Jeff
Teacher: Daniel Agee [contact]

Thought questions

  • What kind of man was Caleb to get the Promised Land city of Hebron?
    • Where is Hebron?
    • What happened there as recorded in Genesis?
    • How long did Caleb’s descendants occupy Hebron?
    • What tribe of Israel was ultimately granted the city of Hebron?
    • What were the 12 spies during their mission? (Read Numbers 34.)
    • Why did the Israel tribe of Judah get the best cities also mentioned in Numbers 34?
    • How do we have an idea which spy went to which area of the land, according to the Sages?
    • Why did Caleb want to go to Hebron?
    • Where were the "giants in the land" concentrated in relation to Hebron?
    • Where did Joshua go on his mission?
    • Where did Israel go first when they entered the Promised Land?
    • Why would Caleb want the most difficult part of the land to conquer?
    • How much faith and reason did Caleb show?
    • What did he credit God for?
    • What reason is recorded several times as the reason why Caleb got the land he got?
    • How many others in Israel had the same attitude?
    • What was Caleb trying to prove in his selection of the land he wanted? (Read Numbers 13:30.)
    • How was Caleb like Daniel’s three friends when they faced death in the furnace for refusing to worship the idol (Daniel 3)?
    • If Joshua had previously taken Hebron, why was Caleb described as the conquerer?
    • When God selects a person He will bless, does that guarantee the descendants will be blessed?
  • What did Caleb’s daughter ask of her father in chapter 15:19?
    • What kind of person was Othniel and what position did he rise to?
    • What was odd about Acsah’s asking her father Caleb for help?
    • Why didn’t Othniel ask Caleb himself?
    • What did Caleb give her compared to what she asked?

Yeshua fulfills Pesakh completely

At the time of the Exodus, YHWH (God’s personal name in Hebrew, often translated as “the LORD”) told the people of Israel to have a “lamb for a household” (Exodus 12:3). Usually 10 people could manage to consume a whole lamb. Smaller groups joined together to form a chaverim, Hebrew for “a group of friends,” and that formed a mishpokhah, “a family group.” Paul talks about believers being the “household of God” (1st Timothy 3:15) because there is a “lamb for the household.”

Continue reading Yeshua fulfills Pesakh completely

Matthew 19:1–12 — divorce

Reader: Daniel Agee
Teacher: Jeff [contact]

Thought questions

  • What value is gained in looking at Messiah’s teaching on divorce from parallel passages from the other apostles?
  • What were differences between the House of Shammai and the House of Hillel, two schools of rabbinical thought at the time of Yeshua (Jesus)?
    • How did Yeshua’s comments in general and on divorce in particular compare with those of Shammai and Hillel?
  • Why is divorce compared to cutting, based on the Greek and Hebrew words describing it in the Bible?
    • What did God intend marriage to teach?
  • How did God factor in situations in which the marriage contract is violated?
    • Under what circumstances is the marriage contract violated, according to the Bible and society today?
    • What does the Torah say about divorce?
    • Whose fault is divorce?
    • What does the innocent spouse do?
  • Can divorce bring shalom, Hebrew for "peace" and "completeness" and "wholeness."


Joshua 12–13

Reader: Jeff
Teacher: Daniel Agee [contact]

Thought questions

  • What is the prophecy behind the names listed in chapter 12?
    • Why are the names in a different order than listed a few chapters earlier?
    • What is the significance of the Hebrew meaning of the names?
    • What does this teach us about the possible purpose for all those "boring" lists of names in the Bible?
    • How does the "prophecy list" end?
    • What is the significance of goyim, Hebrew for "nations," in that ending?
  • How old is Yehoshua (Joshua) in chapter 13?
    • How long did it take for him to conquer that portion of the Promised Land?
  • Why did Yehoshua repeat Moshe’s (Moses’) partitioning of the East Bank of the Yordan (Jordan) River for the half tribe of Manassah, Gad and Reuben?
    • Which tribe was Yehoshua from?
    • Which territory did Israel conquer first?
  • What is Yehoshua a type of?
    • According to the prophets (especially Zechariah), what territory will Messiah conquer first upon His return, and what route will He take?
    • What does the taking of Yerikho (Jericho) with trumpets prefigure with the Day of the LORD and the Feast of Trumpets?
  • Why is the territory of Manassah divided?

‘Observing’ & ‘remembering’ the Feasts of the LORD

Speaker: Susan Pierce [contact]

“You shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and you shall be careful to observe these statutes.” —Deuteronomy 16:12

El Shaddai = El Shaddai in Hebrew. It points to a hidden plan. Continue reading ‘Observing’ & ‘remembering’ the Feasts of the LORD