More than 2,000 years of debate lies behind the question of when Messiah Yeshua rose from the dead. Rather than an esoteric inquiry, timing matters because Yeshua’s life, death, and resurrection happened “according to the Scriptures.”
Teacher: Richard Agee
This is the third in a series of Bible studies exploring the connection in thought and time between Passover, Festival of the Wave Offering (Firstfruits or Bikkurim), Feast of Unleavened Bread (Matzot) and the Festival of Sevens (Shavuot or Pentecost). For the background to this presentation, listen to "Timing of the Festivals of Firstfruits & Shavuot — Journey Into the Wilderness of Zin" and "When Was the Wave Sheaf Offering and Yeshua’s Resurrection?"
Preparing for Shavuot (Festival of Weeks or Pentecost) 2007
Speaker: Richard Agee
There are three primary ways Judaism and Christianity use to determine when Shavuot — Hebrew for “weeks,” “sevens” or Sabbaths — will come:
- Rabbinic Judaism — Start from the day after the first rest day, called a shabbat in Hebrew, after Passover, which comes on the 14th day of the first month of God’s calendar (see Exodus 12). This interpretation points to the day of the wave sheaf (or firstfruits) offering coming on the 16th day. Thus, Shavuot usually comes on the sixth day of the third month. This was the interpretation of the Pharisee sect in the first century.
- Saducees & Karaites — The shabbat referred to is the weekly Shabbat, or the seventh day of each week, what is called Saturday today. So, the clock for the 50 days runs from the weekly Shabbat during the seven days of the Festival of Unleavened Bread after Passover until the Shabbat at the end.
- Christian Pentecost — Pentecost means “50th” in Greek and refers to the 50th day mentioned in Leviticus 23. Because Sunday is figured to be the day of Messiah Yeshua’s (Jesus’) resurrection and thought to be what is meant by the time reference mentioned by the Gospel writers, which is usually translated as “after the Sabbath, on the first day of the week.” Thus, Pentecost always comes on a Sunday.
Feast of Unleavened Bread 2007 — Day 5
Speaker: Richard Agee
- Why do Christians celebrate the resurrection of Messiah Yeshua on Sunday?
- Where did the early Christians get that idea?
- Why is it called a “wave offering”?
- What does God do with the offering?
- What is the “bread of life”?
- What “feast of the LORD” is connected to the wave offering?
- What are the two loaves of the wave offering made out of ?
- How does “on the morrow” from old English in Hebrew change the meaning of “the day after” in most translations of Leviticus 23:11 in relation to the day of the week of the wave offering?
- How does that change the traditional interpretation of the resurrection of Messiah?
- What does “after the Sabbath” mean in Matthew 28:1, Mark 11 and 13:35 and Luke 6:1? Doesn’t that mean the first day of the week?
- What does all this mean for us today?
- What is the significance of the gathering of the “first of the firstfruits” described in 1st Corinthians 15:20?
- How are we supposed to count the “omer” or each Shabbat between the wave offering and Shavuot (Feast of Weeks or Pentecost)?
- Who are the “second of the firstfruits”?
- If there are seven Shabbats between the wave offering and Shavuot, are there sevent reapings or callings of God? Are they seen in the Bible book Revelation?
- What is the “acceptable day of the LORD”?
- If Messiah rose on the first of the Shabbats of Shavuot, when are we accepted by God?
- How are the seven days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread connected to Shavuot?