Tag Archives: sabbatical year

Leviticus 25: Golden Rule behind sabbatical years and Jubilee

The Shemittah (sabbatical year) is a seven-year cycle and holds obvious parallels to the Shabbat (Sabbath) and is supposed to draw your attention to it. Man works six days and rests on the seventh. Man is made from the dirt and the dirt is supposed to rest as well. Man and dirt are one and the same. When we abuse the seven-year cycle of the land, we are abusing ourselves.

When you make the land work on its shabbat, it’s an abuse of the land, just as a man making a maid or male servant work on the seventh-day Shabbat is abuse.

The 50th-year Yobel (Jubilee) is part of the pattern of rest and release. These cycles described in the Torah reading בהר Behar (“on the mountain,” Leviticus 25) were not invented by man. We are not in the habit of resting. We are driven to work, and gather wealth. We work to live, not live to work.

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John 13:34-35: How new is Yeshua’s ‘new command’?

JeffIs Yeshua’s “new commandment” in John 13:34-35 really new? An answer is taught through God’s appointed times of Yom haKippurim (Day of Atonement), Shmittah (sabbatical year) and Yobel (Jubilee year).

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Deuteronomy 26: Messianic significance of the third-year tithe

Remember that the number three is a Messianic reference. This third-year tithe is a reference to the Messiah: His sacrifice, God’s acceptance of the Messiah’s sacrifice and, from that point, God will make those who accept the Messiah’s sacrifice into His people.

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Luke 4:14-44 — Yeshua proclaims His mission from Scripture in a synagogue

Yeshua proclaims from the Scriptures that He is the fulfillment of messianic prophecy in Isa. 61:1-2. Yet the people of His hometown demand more signs and reject His proclamation.

A medieval polemic against Christianity faulted Luke for a “garbled,” deceptively shortened  quotation of Isaiah 61. How valid is that claim?
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Leviticus 25 — Shabbat and jubilee years

Keeping the jubilee year with both crops and servants were an act of faith on the part of the people of Israel. It is difficult to live in freedom of liberty and it is so easy to fall into bondage and slavery. God set up a safety net to protect the people from permanent bondage and slavery and to protect the land from being over consumed and dried up.

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Exodus 23-24 — lessons from the judgments of God such as ‘don’t boil a kid in its mother’s milk’

We continue to study the judgements God revealed at Sinai after He revealed by His word the 10 commandments. Remember that the people of Israel were hearing these judgements for the first time. They didn’t have the advantage of the foresight we have and they haven’t been written down yet. They didn’t have the clarifications and admonitions from the Messiah Yeshua.

Continue reading Exodus 23-24 — lessons from the judgments of God such as ‘don’t boil a kid in its mother’s milk’

Deuteronomy 15: Shmitah teaches mercy and freedom

Instructions on the שביעית‎‎ shvi’it (“seventh”), the year of שמיטה‎‎ shmitah (“release”) or sabbatical year, are part of a larger teaching in Deuteronomy 14–16 on the Fourth Commandment, to guard the seventh day of the week as a holy memorial. But these instructions on care for the poor and releasing debts during the shmitah show us how the various Shabbat memorials remind us of all God has released us from through Yeshua haMashiakh (Jesus the Christ).

Thought questions

What is the difference between lending and usury (Deut. 15:7)?

What is the command in Deut. 15:1?

Does Deut. 15:7 refer to beggars on the street corner?

Should there never be poor in a nation (Deut. 15:11)?

How does God release you of your obligations or trials before Himself?

Why aren’t foreigners included in the release?

How is this similar to the modern trend of people moving to countries with generous social programs but don’t become productive citizens and/or refuse to assimilate into their host country?

Deut. 15:9 literally says one has an “evil eye” if he waits until the end of the six years to lend money or assist the poor. What is an “evil eye” or an “eye full of darkness” (Matt. 6:23)?

When are we to give to those in need?

Deut 15:13. How does this chapter compare to the slave trade in America up to the Civil War?

Deut. 15:19. What is so important about the firstborn of the flock? How is this different from how the tithe is selected?