Tag Archives: mishpat – judgment – Strong’s H4941

Fundamentals of reigning with Messiah in the Kingdom of God: Judgment, mercy and trust

Richard AgeeThe beginning of the future reign of Messiah Yeshua (Jesus) on Earth (Rev. 20:4–6), memorialized in the appointed times of Sukkot (Festival of Booths or Tabernacles) and Shmeni Atzeret (Convocation of the Eighth Day). Consider: During the 1,000 year-reign of Yeshua, if someone “walks” the wrong direction, the errant person will hear a voice, “Turn neither to the left or to the right; walk straight!” (Deut. 28:14; Josh. 1:7; Prov. 4:27; cp. Zech. 8:20–23).

Right now, that voice is hard to hear, but during the Millennial reign, that voice will be very clear. 

Continue reading Fundamentals of reigning with Messiah in the Kingdom of God: Judgment, mercy and trust

Luke 14: Whose honor do we seek?

JeffYeshua’s schooling of a Pharisee member of Israel’s ruling council on allowable actions on Shabbat seems disconnected from the parables that follow in Luke 14. Yet they all are threaded together with learning God’s view on justice, compassion and mercy then honoring God through lifelong commitment to those principles of the kingdom of Heaven.

Not honoring God by seeking that change of “glasses” for seeing the world — and seeing the One through Whom the change would come — doomed much of Israel to be scattered and regathered repeatedly. 

Continue reading Luke 14: Whose honor do we seek?

Luke 9:1-6; 10:1-24: Messiah warns the 12 and 70 before sending them out ‘like sheep among wolves’

Yeshua (Jesus) sent the 12 and 70 other close followers to various cities as witnesses of His message about the coming of the Kingdom of God. Key to this commission was a quotation from the prophet Micah at a time when Israel was about to be taken apart because of rebellion against God. The same was about to happen to Israel in the first century.

Continue reading Luke 9:1-6; 10:1-24: Messiah warns the 12 and 70 before sending them out ‘like sheep among wolves’

Deuteronomy 12:1-7: Destroy the places, names of false gods after entering the Land

This chapter introduces a new concept not previously noted in the Torah: “These are the statutes and judgements…” not, “these were the statutes and judgements….” God was giving Israel the Land to posses it, but He wouldn’t go in until they clean it up of the wicked pagan influences. Statutes and judgements go hand in hand. God gives a rule and then instructions on how to accomplish the statute. 

Other texts: 1st Kings 14:21-26; 2nd Kings 16:1-4; Ezek. 6:1-13

The first thing He tells the people to do is to destroy the worship places, not to destroy the people. He tells them were these places are:

  1. high mountains (הָרִים הָרָמִים harim ha-ramim, Strong’s lexicon Nos. H2022 and H7311).
  2. hills (גְּבָעוֹת gevaʿot, H1389).
  3. under the “fresh,” “luxuriant,” “green” (רַעֲנָן ra’anan, H7488) groves. 

The people disregarded Moses’ instruction in this matter and it became a snare to them all the way through the time of the exile to Babylon. King Rehoboam is recorded as the first to re-institute the kind of nature worship that Moses is specifically telling them at this time to wipe out from all memory in the land. We often criticize Jeroboam for his separatist worship but Rehoboam did it first. Jeroboam’s ascent to the throne of Israel was a direct response to Rehoboam’s arrogance.  

Since the Israelites did not destroy these worship sites, they became a snare and temptation to future generations who wanted to worship God with the ways that the people originally in the land had worshipped their false gods. They were drawn away from God by neglecting their duty to destroy all these worship places. 

If the people had obeyed Moses and destroyed the high places and evil worship places, they wouldn’t need to do anything else, because the evil inhabitants of the land would have self-deported to other lands. 

God tells the people through Moses that there would come a day that He would pick a spot for His temple. He will establish His presence there and that will be the place that His people are to worship Him there in the way He wants to be worshipped, free of any temptation to incorporate pagan practices into His worship.

Reader: David De Fever. Speaker: Richard Agee. Summary: Tammy.

Deuteronomy 11: The LORD speaks to parents so they can teach their children about God

Moses specially addressed the adults of the community who are preparing to enter the Promised Land. He was not speaking to the children. He later on tells the people that it is their job to teach their children God’s charge, commandments, judgements and statutes. 

In Deut. 11:1, God told the people to “keep His charge.” The word charge in Hebrew is מִשְׁמֶרֶת mishmereth (Strong’s lexicon No. H4931) which means a guard, watch or function. We aren’t to take for granted that we understand God’s word. We are to guard it, watch it and to perform its function so we don’t forget it. We are supposed to be students of God’s word just as we want our children and grandchildren to be students of God’s word. Children learn from their parent’s example much more than they learn from the example of their teachers, pastors, youth pastors and Bible teachers. 

There’s no command in God’s word to find teachers smarter than you to teach your children and do your own thing. God commands the parents to be the primary teacher of their children in regards to His word. 

Moses is emphasizing “your Elohim” repeatedly. He doesn’t want them to answer to another nation’s Elohim, but only the creator of heaven and earth. He tested them for 40 years and those who are preparing to enter the land have passed the tests that God repeatedly subjected them to over that time. 

At this point, the land is not the Holy Land. The current inhabitants are the epitome of evil and God commands the children of Israel to expel the Canaanites from the Land so God can dwell there but God says that He will go before them to accomplish this, even though they are larger in size and number than they were. God will lay fear of the children of Israel upon the inhabitants of the land and drive them out from before the children of Israel. 

They are going to enter a land that is unlike Goshen. Goshen was, and still is, a beautiful, agriculturally rich land. He sending them into a mountainous land with valleys and the primary source of water will be the rainfall that God brings down to them, that he will give to them in its “due season.” There are three harvest seasons in the land of Israel. 

He also says He will give them grass for their cattle and livestock to eat so they will be full and satisfied. God makes all sorts of pledges and promises. 

He tells them to “take heed” and warns them not to open their hearts and minds to the teachings of other gods. We are not to open ourselves to “every wind of doctrine” (Eph. 4:11–16). 

If the people decide they want to open their hearts to idolatrous doctrines of any kind, God will withdraw His blessings from the people and the land by bringing drought and other calamities. 

Many people dismiss droughts as “weather patterns” but who controls the weather? Our television channels are filled with programs that try to explain the miracles of the Exodus and other happenings as having been caused by naturalistic processes and they fail to give credit to the God who controls the weather. 

In Gen. 44:30, Yehudah (Judah) reminds his brothers that Jacob’s life was “bound up” in the life of Ben-Yamin (Benjamin). This binding was not a literal binding but a heart and soul binding. Yehudah later humbles himself to Ya’akov (Jacob) and promises to bring Ben-Yamin back or forfeit his own life. So when we read in Deut. 11:18-19 that they are to “bind” (קְשַׁרְתֶּם qeshartem, from קָשַׁר qashar, Strong’s H7194, to bind, league together, conspire) the words on their heads and hands, this not simply wrapping a piece of leather around one’s hand and head. We are to “wrap” God’s words around our minds and hearts. 

When we “write them on our doorposts” we are to write all of God’s law on the door of our minds and hearts. We are to use the word of God as the basis of what comes in and goes out of our hearts, as we are to “tak[e] every thought captive to the obedience of Messiah” (2nd Cor. 10:5). This is not easy, you have to work at it, and the Creator of Heaven and Earth will show you so you can teach it to your children. 

God’s statutes are always to be above our commands. God’s commands are not under mankind’s jurisdiction. God warns the children of Israel that He will drive them out of the land as He will drive out the Canaanites if they desire and follow other gods. 

God wants us to observe His laws so He can bless us. He does want us to be under oath to any other gods. There are two parts to sanctification: mind and heart. Once the mind is sanctified, the heart will follow. Once the mind and heart are sanctified, the person will not depart from God.

Reader: Dave De Fever. Speaker: Richard Agee. Summary: Tammy.

Deuteronomy 7-8: God’s tough love

The Torah has a reputation of being offensive, but it is always truthful. The words in Deuteronomy center on God’s statutes, judgments and commandments. When we come to understand and hear God, we start to ask God why? He says, “because I love you.” Why does He punish us? Because He loves us. 

A phrase is repeated more than 15 times in Deuteronomy 7-8: “the LORD your God” (Deut. 7:1–2, 6, 9, 12, 16, 18–23, 25; 8:2, 5–7, 10–11, 14, 18–20). Moses reused this phrase repeatedly through the entire book. What does your God do? He delivered them from the house of bondage, no one else did it. No Moses, nor Aaron, nor Miriam, God did it. He is not just Moses’ God but also the God of all of them. 

We see in Deut. 7:2 that there were certain nations God would deliver to the people of Israel. These specific nations were under a ban: a ban against mercy, against any covenant or any association whatsoever. Everything these particular nations have done is an abomination to God. 

God told them that the house of Israel did not earn God’s favor based on their large size (Deut. 7:7–8). He actually chose them because they were smaller than the nations that God has commanded them to utterly destroy. He chose them because of the promises He made to their forefathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 

God said He “repays those that hate Him to their faces” (Deut. 7:10). When He responds, He responds quickly. They would know their punishment did not come from any other source because it would be so serious. If you want to make sure you’re on God’s side, you should keep His commandments, statutes and judgments (Deut. 7:8–11). 

God says that when they go into the land, He will go before them to disposes the evil people who are there, just as He used mighty miracles and wonders to bring them out of Egypt (Deut. 7:15–24). He tells them God says he will sent out a “hornet” (צִרְעָה tsir’ah, Strong’s lexicon No. H6880) against them (Deut. 7:20). The root of this word is צָרַעַת tsara’ath (Strong’s H6883), which is a reference to leprosy, which is a plague or disease. Just as a bee sting is quick and immediate, the “hornet” or plague that God will send out against the evil people in the land would also be quick, devastating and supernatural. 

God told the people to destroy all the ritual objects these people used to worship their abominable gods, and even the gold and silver was under a ban to be destroyed so they would not be a snare or a temptation to them to use those things to worship God (Deut. 7:25–26). 

Moses told them that God had tested them over these past 40 years to test, humble and prepare them for taking the land of promise from the evil, horrible nations currently occupying it (Deut. 8:1–2). He was testing them as to whether they would keep His commandments or not. He tested them with some adversity to see if they would follow Him only when life was easy, smooth and comfortable or whether they would persevere in tough times too. 

God had given them manna in the wilderness for 40 years (Ex. 16:35), but those years were not years of abundance. It was nutritionally enough, but He gave them just enough for substance but not abundance. If they tried to save any manna for the next day, it turned rotten (Ex. 16:19–21). The only exception was on Friday when they could save some for the Sabbath (Ex. 16:22–30). 

God also preserved their clothing, which never wore out. Their feet did not swell or get blistered so they were able to travel long distances without suffering (Neh. 9:21). The manna and the clothes that never wore out were to test and humble them. 

God warned them that once they move into the land, not to fall into the temptation of assuming that their newly found abundance and comfort is from their hands and not His hand. God is the one who brought water out of the rocks, it was not always there. 

He promises to give them a land that had plenty of all the good things they would need to survive. He calls on them to totally take it and possess it, but He also calls on them to remember where the blessings really originate. 

God warns them that if they become proud and forget the true source of their blessings, they would get into trouble.

“When you have eaten and are satisfied, you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land which He has given you.” (Deut. 8:10)

If they assume to take credit for our jobs, homes, intelligence, etc. and fail to acknowledge the God who gave them those gifts, they are in danger of falling into the temptation to idolize themselves and end up becoming as bad or even worse than those who God had to throw out of the land before them. God warns them that if they turn into the people they are throwing out, God will have to throw them out too. 

Reader: Dave De Fever. Speaker: Richard Agee. Summary: Tammy.

Deuteronomy 6: Teaching children to respect, follow the LORD

We are told to follow the LORD’s commandments (מִצְוֹת mitzvot, Strong’s lexicon No. H4687), the statutes (חֹקים chuqqim, H2706) and judgements (מִשְׁפָּטים mishpatim, H4941). The commandments, statutes and judgements are written down so that we will “fear” (יָרֵא yareʾ, H3372a) the Lord and that we will teach that fear to our children and grandchildren.

Some people think we should not teach fear of God, because that will make children and adults recoil from God rather than grow closer to Him. Yet throughout the Bible, the words translated as fear (yare’ and פַּחַד pachad H6343 “dread” in Hebrew and in Greek φόβος phobos, G5401, “fear, respect, reverence” and ἔντρομος entromos, G1790, “trembling”) communicate trembling before someone or something more powerful than oneself, thus acting with respect and reverence. God teaches that respect for Him for Who He is as the One with the power to create, sustain and destroy all things is the starting point to learning more about the LORD’s mercy, or lovingkindness (חֶסֶד chesed, H2617a).

“The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge; Fools despise wisdom and instruction.” (Prov. 1:7)

“The LORD favors those who fear Him, Those who wait for His lovingkindness.” (Psa. 147:11)

Another way to explain these different categories of Torah is to call them teachings, directions and laws. You can’t do one without the other. You have to be taught and instructed in these matters and then practice them and perform then. 

We are told later that we are to love the Lord but in our modern culture, we don’t know how to love God properly. The Hebrew word here is אָהֵב ’ahav (Strong’s H157). ’Ahav isn’t limited to love in the way we consider love. It includes the emotion we call “like.” The idea of loving someone without liking them is not Torah compliant. When Yeshua calls us to love our enemies, it’s not just an esoteric warm love, He also calls us to learn to like them and want their well-being. 

Deut. 6:4 says:

שְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ יְהוָה אֶחָד

Shem’a, Yisra’el! YHVH Elohim, YHVH echad.

Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD is one!

The Hebrew word אֶחָד echad (Strong’s H259) is attached to God’s personal name as being “one.” He is to be the one and only God of the descendants of Ya’akov (Jacob). 

We are told to love God with three parts of ourselves: heart, soul and might. The word translate as might is מְאֹד me’od (H3966). One of the alternative meanings of this word is abundance, putting everything in one place. We gather everything together that is a part of us and give it to the Lord. 

We have a hard time with the idea that God can be jealous. This word in Hebrew (קַנָּא qann’a, H7067) only relates to God. It doesn’t relate to anyone else. It means to be zealous, devoted, passionate. 

When God warns the people not to follow after other gods, we often don’t understand what He means. Many of us who were raised in a Christian or Jewish household don’t consider the possibility of any other powers. God says here there are other elohim, other powerful spiritual beings, and there are people who worship these other powers.

We can’t compromise with the word of God. We can’t take a path contrary to Torah just because it seems easier. We are to “keep on keeping on” with the commandments of God. We are to learn one lesson and build upon each lesson. 

Deut. 6:6 says that we are to teach the commandments of God “diligently to your sons and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise up.” The best teachers for children are the parents, because it is the parents who are with the child when they wake up and when they go to bed. They are there to answer those random questions a child may have as they observe the physical world. Children watch their parents’ actions, which speak more loudly than their words. Even the most difficult and dysfunctional parent teaches their children something. That is why God tells us to respect them, yet parents also must act in accordance with that respect.

Speaker: Richard Agee. Reader: Jeff. Summary: Tammy.