Studies in Torah

Parashat Vayera (וירא): Genesis 18:1–22:24

One of the Creator’s names is YHWH Yireh (Jehovah Jirah), translated as “the LORD sees” or “the LORD is seen.” And one of the key times Yeshua haMashiakh (Jesus Christ) is foreseen is Abraham’s near-sacrifice of is “one and only son.” The mercy and sacrifice of God is on full display in this week’s Torah portion, וַיֵּרָא Vayera (“he appeared,” Gen. 18:1–22:24).

Companion readings from the B’rit Chadashah (New Testament) from (also has through-the-Bible readings for prophets and B’rit Chadashah) and First Fruits of Zion:

  • Luke 17:26-37; Romans 9:6-9; Galatians 3:15-18, 5:1-6; Colossians 2:11-15; Hebrews 7:1-19, 11:8-12 (Complete Jewish Bible by David H. Stern)
  • Luke 1:26-38, 24:36-53 (Parashiot From the Torah and Haftarah by Jeffrey E. Feinbe of Flame Foundation)
  • Luke 2:1-38 (First Fruits of Zion)

The following are notes and recordings of studies by Hallel Fellowship teachers Richard, Daniel and Jeff on Vayera. Also included are notes and the recording for the Haftarah (Prophets) reading (2nd Kings 4) by Daniel.

Discussions on Vayera

Genesis 18–22: Open your eyes when God ‘shows up’

Abraham’s teachable moments on faith

Nov. 19, 2016 — Why is Abraham considered so faithful when so much of his biblical biography shows examples of his utter lack of faith? He laughed in God’s face about a son from a barren wife, circumvented God’s prophesy for that son and lied to two different kings about his relationship with Sarah, putting her in real danger.

In the Torah parashah Vayera, we learn that despite Abraham’s (and Sarah’s) ups and downs, their faith was growing, not shrinking. That is why God Himself not only credited Abraham’s trust as righteousness but also made them patriarch and matriarch of “a great and mighty nation” through which all nations of Earth would be blessed.

Abraham learns faith in God despite his trust issues

Oct. 31, 2015 — Do we trust God in His promises? We can come up with all sorts of ideas about God. But if we don’t really trust Him and His leading, why bother following? These are questions tackled in this discussion on the Torah portion Vayera. Abraham is shown to have trust issues up to his great test of faith. At that point, he sees something. This passage is all about the Promised One — the Mashiakh (Messiah) — represented by Abraham’s son Yitzkhak (Isaac).

Genesis 18

God informs Abraham of a son by Sarah, destruction of Sodom

Abraham hosts God for lunch as mercy on Sodom and Gomorrah is negotiated

Why does Scripture mention Sodom and Gomorrah from beginning to end?

Genesis 19

‘Righteous’ Lot flees destruction of Sodom, impregnates his daughters

Sodom, Gomorrah & environs are destroyed

Importance of Sodom

Parallel: Judges 19:1 – 20:7: A Levite, his concubine & the life in Israel without the King

Genesis 20

Sarah in the household of Abimelech

Was Abraham a liar after Sodom was on fire?

Genesis 21

Son of Promise, Son of Flesh (part 1, part 2)

Abraham obeys Sarah and confronts Abimelech; Ishmael grows up

Genesis 21:1-13: Ishmael the son of human effort mocks Sarah the mother of God’s promise

Genesis 21:10-21: God sends Ishmael away to become a great nation separate from that of Isaac

Genesis 21:22–34: Abraham makes seven-fold covenant with Abimelech at Beersheba

Genesis 22

Abraham: An example of hope and trust in God, part 2

Binding of Isaac

Genesis 22:1-9: God tests Abraham and Yitskhak on Mt. Moriah

Binding of Yitskhak foreshadows Yeshua’s death, resurrection


2nd Kings 4: Understanding + Spirit = Salvation: Eliyahu, Elisha foreshadow Messiah in freeing, healing sons

Parallel: 1st Kings 17 (part 1 and part 2)

Recent posts in Torah

What do you think about this?