Studies in Torah

Parashat Miketz (מקץ): Genesis 41:1–44:17

Have you ever felt like God has abandoned you? Or at least forgotten about what you’re going through? It would have been easy for Yosef to think so. He’d been languishing in prison for a crime he didn’t commit for at least two years. The second installment of the account of Yosef (see part 1) is in this week’s Torah section, מקץ Miketz (“from the end,” Gen. 41:1–44:17). We see “that dreamer” go from victim of justice to vice president of the mighty empire of Mitzraim, and the prophecy pointing forward to Yeshua the Mashiakh gets fleshed out.

The traditional haftarah (parallel reading from the Writings or Prophets) for Miketz is 1st Kings 3:15–4:1.

Companion readings from the B’rit Chadashah (New Testament) from MessianicJudaism.net (also has through-the-Bible readings):

  • Acts 7:9-16 (Complete Jewish Bible by David H. Stern)
  • Matthew 27:15-46 (Parashiot From the Torah and Haftarah by Jeffrey E. Feinbe of Flame Foundation)

The following are notes and recordings of studies by Hallel Fellowship teachers on passages from and discussions on Miketz.

Parashah discussions

Chanukah: Dare to be a Daniel, Joseph, Judas Maccabeus

Genesis 41:1-44:17: Yitzkhak’s and Yosef’s extended passion play

Genesis 41

God gives Yosef the meaning of the dreams exalts him to No. 2 in Mitzraim; Yosef gets command of Egypt, a new name

The life of Yosef had many parallels with the mission of Yeshua the Mashiakh, such as being No. 2 in Mitzraim and hidden from his brothers. Can we ask God for such vision?

Yosef foretells of seven famine years in Mitzraim

Yosef rose quickly from forgotten prisoner to second in command of Mitzraim, all over two strange visions Pharaoh had of fat and famished cows then plump and withered heads of grain. Behind all this we see the Creator’s hand at work, teaching Pharaoh, Mitzraim and us about where we should put our trust.

Messianic connection between pharaoh and Yosef

Messianic figures in the Bible aren’t one-to-one representations of the Mashiakh, but the messianic figures of the pharaoh of Mitzraim and Yosef do give us a glimpse of the relationship between the Father and the Mashiakh.

Genesis 42

Sons of Israel meet the Prime Minister of Egypt

The tables are starting to turn against Yosef’s brothers. God, through Yosef, is revealing their sin against Yosef and they are confronted with their unrighteousness and start the process of repentence.

Mashiakh’s hidden meeting with Israel foretold through Yosef

When the brothers of Yosef came to Mitzraim, even the second time, they did not recognize him at all. He was concealed from them behind a new name, Zaphenath-paneakh, and new appearance, shaved and in garb of his office. Similarly, Yeshua the Mashiakh is known as Jesus Christ the Church-maker in the Gentile world, and He is hidden from the rest of the descendants of Israel.

Broken hearts bring the heart of God to tears

The life of Yosef is a shadow of the life of the Mashiakh in a number of ways. In the latter half of Genesis 42, we see another shadow: Yosef was hidden from his brothers yet wanted to weep when he heard their penitence over the death they thought they had set in motion for him by selling him into slavery. That’s the repentance God seeks from Israel for the treatment of God’s Mashiakh. The prophets and apostles foretell that day will come.

Yosef foreshadows ‘Savior of the World’

We’ve already explored how Yosef’s life parallels that of Yeshua the Mashiakh. In part 3 of this study of Genesis 42, we explore the another parallel in the ancient Egyptian name of Yosef and in the three days of imprisonment of his brothers.

Genesis 43

Yosef meets his brothers again

Ya’akov’s family finally ran out of Egyptian grain and had little choice but to return to Egypt to get more. The 10 brothers had a duty to fulfill beyond their father’s call to get more grain: get Simeon released from prison. Ben Yamin was the only key to obtain that release, but Ya’akov did not want to let him go. Once Ya’akov acquiesced, the 10 brothers went to Egypt. Yosef celebrated their arrival with a feast rather than another interrogation. “The man” was full of surprises.

Ben-Yamin appears before Yosef in Mitzraim

The account of Yosef and his once-estranged brothers reaches a crescendo in Genesis 43, as those 10 return to Mitzraim with Ben Yamin, Yosef’s younger brother. There are a number of parallels between Yosef’s life and that of Yeshua the Mashiakh in this part of the account.

Genesis 44

Yosef slips his silver cup to Ben-Yamin

In Genesis 43, Yosef hosted a large banquet for his brothers and household staff. At the time of the account in Genesis 44, Yosef was still hidden from his brothers. He is the second in command of Mitzraim, one of the world’s most powerful nations of the period. This account of the actions of Pharaoh and Yosef is a parable of what the Father and the Son planned to do to and through a group of believers in God, a group called Israel.

Haftarah: 1Kings 3:15–4:1

Wisdom of Solomon; Is the Mashiakh in the story of the two harlots?

The account of Solomon’s decision on which prostitute should get the baby is known even by those who haven’t read the Bible. More than a legend, the event has several parallels to the life of Mashiakh and His relationship with Israel.


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