It took more faith to save Yisra’el than lamb’s blood on the doorposts as the Destroyer of the firstborn roamed the streets of Mitzraim during the first Passover. Then came being cornered by a huge army and going into the desert without sufficient water or food. It’s all part of the training in righteousness that all believers in the LORD much travel.
Read study notes and listen to recorded discussions by Hallel Fellowship teachers on this week’s Torah reading, בְּשַׁלַּח Beshalach (“when he sent”), covering Ex. 13:17-17:16.
Also, see notes and discussions by Hallel teachers on the standard Haftarah (Writings and Prophets) reading for this week, Judges 4:4-5:31 (see below).
Parashat Beshalach discussions
The questions ancient Yisra’el asked after the Exodus from Mitzraim are similar to what we often ask ourselves today: Is God with us or not? Are we really free? Where are we going? How will we get our “daily bread”? Where will we find “living water”?
Journey to the 10 series
Exodus 12–20 recounts a transformation of Israel from a people in bondage to a truly free nation of ambassadors of the Kingdom of God. This “Journey to the 10” is a path each believer should take before and after baptism to become fully mature, not lacking anything. (Start the series of studies from the beginning.)
On the 15th day of the first month, the first day of what God established as Khag Matzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread), Israel left Mitzraim (Egypt). We’ll explore why the Bible talks more about the Matzot than Pesakh (Passover). Pesakh commemorates God’s breaking the chains of Mitzraim that held Yisra’el there, and Matzot, God’s breaking the power of Mitzraim via the sea.
The annual festival of Firstfruits, aka רֵאשִׁית קָצִיר Reysheet Qatzir, falls during the seven-day festival of Unleavened Bread, aka מצות Matzot, and actually is a memorial of what Israel experienced during the Exodus. It’s also part of our journey as believers from the “old person” to the “new person” in Messiah (Christ).
We need to make our own personal connection to the Exodus and the events leading up to Sinai. These events are not only for those who have an ethnic Jewish heritage. This history belongs to all who are called by God our Father to take hold of Yeshua as our elder brother and kinsmen redeemer. At this point in the Exodus, God gives them manna to eat but also gives them very specific instructions of how, when and what to do with the manna after they gather it. The people violated those instructions and incurred different punishments for their folly.
The people of Israel had cried out from the burden of overwork but they didn’t want God to remove them from Goshen forever. Yet, that’s what God did in a miraculous way. As we have reached the fifth week leading up to Sinai, the people are becoming very homesick for Egypt as they are traveling further and further from Egypt. God brings the people of Israel to the wilderness of Sin where they murmur against God for the second time. God responds by making a surprising provision and another test of their willingness to listen and obey God.
The territory of Sin — a place name, not the term for moral malady — that Israel transversed after leaving Mitsraim (Egypt) was a very large place. It’s in the area where Mt. Sinai is located. Yet, Yisra’el did sin at Rephadim, so it was called Massah and Meribah. But God still gave the people water from the rock — “living water” preceded law at Sinai — and defeated Amalek.
What we see in this story are the actions of God, not the actions of the people. We can learn a lot about God if we just read the story carefully. In this passage, rocks play an important role and are important symbols of God at work. First was the rock Moshe sits on raising his arms during the daylong battle with Amalek. Second was the rock from which “living water” came to quench the thirst of Israel.
Some read about the “Sabbath-rest” in Hebrews 4 and conclude that the teaching is that the remembrance of the seventh-day rest, the Sabbath, has been transferred to the Messiah, Yeshua. Yet the context of the passage and the quotations in it relating to a pivotal event in the Torah point to the fuller meaning of personal peace and real “rest” that God provides.
Haftarah: Judges 4:4-5:31
Daniel Agee looks into the only two female judges of ancient israel, Devorah (Deborah) and Ya’el (Jael), and how that last battle against Canaan parallels the struggles we face today and will face on the Day of the LORD.
Recent posts in Torah
- Parashat Bamidbar (במדבר): Numbers 1:1–4:20 - May 21st, 2017
- Parashat Behar (בהר) & Bechukotai (בחקותי): Leviticus 25–27 - May 14th, 2017
- Parashat Emor (אמר): Leviticus 21–24 - May 7th, 2017
- Leviticus 16; Hebrews 4–10: 'Because we have a great High Priest…' - May 6th, 2017
- Parashot Acharei Mot (אחרי מות) & Kedoshim (קדושים): Leviticus 16–20 - April 30th, 2017
- Leviticus 12–15: Dishing and spreading the dirt is easy; preventing its spread is hard - April 22nd, 2017
- Exodus 14:1–15:21: Seventh day of Unleavened Bread teaches repentance, salvation and righteousness - April 17th, 2017
- Parashat Metzora (מצורע): Leviticus 14–15 - April 16th, 2017
- Parashat Tazria (תזריע): Leviticus 12–13 - April 16th, 2017
- Leviticus 9-11; Mark 7; Acts 10: Become clean and holy from the inside out - April 15th, 2017
- Parashat Shemini (שמיני): Leviticus 9–11 - April 9th, 2017
- Leviticus 6:8–8:36: God wants a relationship with you that responds and grows - April 8th, 2017
- Parashat Tzav (צו): Leviticus 6:8–8:36 - April 2nd, 2017
- Leviticus 1:1-6:7: Entering God's Presence via the sacrifice of a contrite heart - April 1st, 2017
- Parashat Vayikra (ויקרא): Leviticus 1:1-6:7 - March 26th, 2017
- Exodus 35–40: Enter God's rest before building His home - March 25th, 2017
- Exodus 30:11–34:35: You are not 'just a number' to God - March 18th, 2017
- Parashat Ki Tisa (כי תשא): Exodus 30:11-34:35 - March 12th, 2017
- Exodus 27:20–30:10: High priest foreshadows Messiah Yeshua's redeeming humanity - March 11th, 2017
- Parashat Tetzaveh (תצוה): Exodus 27:20-30:10 - March 5th, 2017