‘Observing’ & ‘remembering’ the Feasts of the LORD

Speaker: Susan Pierce [contact]

“You shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and you shall be careful to observe these statutes.” —Deuteronomy 16:12

El Shaddai = El Shaddai in Hebrew. It points to a hidden plan.

Thought questions

  • Is there a plan in Scripture that has been kept from most of humanity?
    • What is it?
    • Why has it been hidden?
  • What is so central to the Exodus to all of Scripture?
    • If you don’t understand that significance, what challenges do we have with understanding the rest of Scripture and the cosmic battle between good and evil?
    • With what verse did Matthew connect Yeshua to the Exodus?
    • What are several significant events before and through the Exodus?
  • What does The Name, YHWH, commonly translated as “the LORD,” mean?
    • What lesson does the meaning of The Name have for us today?
  • What is the struggle for in the clashes between Moshe (Moses) & Aharon (Aaron) on one side and Pharoh on the other?
    • What do those clashes represent?
  • How is the Exodus a picture, mirror and rehearsal of something coming later?
    • natzal = natzal in Hebrew means “delivered” or “snatched away”
    • yatzah= yatzah in Hebrew means “coming out” or “birth”
  • What is the ketubah,Hebrew for marriage contract, between YHWH and Israel?
    • What happened before it was ratified at Mt. Sinai?
    • What is the connection between the 40 days Israel was waiting for Moshe to come down from Sinai with the Ten Commandments — God’s ketubah with Israel — and us today?
    • What was the “new covenant” at Sinai (Exodus 34)?
    • What was added to that new ketubah?
    • Why was Moshe’s face glowing when he came down from the mountain the second time?
    • How is this transferred glory part of the “mystery of God” (1st Corinthians 2:7; Ephesians 3:9; Colossians 1:27 & 4:3) and the veil over the faces of Israel (2nd Corinthians 3:12–18) that apostle Paul talks about?
  • Why are “observing” and “remembering” the Feasts of the LORD, as described in Deuteronomy 16:12, crucial for God’s people?
    • shamar= shamar in Hebrew means “observe” or “keep”
    • z'kharon= z’kharon in Hebrew means “remember” (See Exodus 12–13.)
    • How is doing so essential for the passing on of the knowledge of God to children and unbelievers? (See 1st Corinthians 5.)
    • What does that tell us about why apostle Paul was teaching Gentiles about the festivals?
    • What is the duality of the teaching in creation of the sun, moon and stars in Genesis1?
      • moed= moed in Hebrew means “appointment,” “specific time” or “season”
      • oht= oht in Hebrew means “sign”
    • How is that connected to the calendar of Israel?
    • How is it connected to the purpose of Paul’s teaching in 1st Corinthians 15?
  •  How are the Shabbat (Sabbath) and the moedim— literally, “appointed times of the LORD” — sanctuaries in time?
    • What do they teach us about God’s view of time?
  • What is the mysterious plan aposle Paul discusses in Romans 1:2 & 16:25–26, 1st Corinthians 2:7 & 15:51, Colossians 1:26–27, Ephesians 1:9–10 and 3:3–10, and Titus1:2?
    • How does Paul include the gentiles or goyim — “the nations” in Greek and Hebrew, respectively — in the history of Israel?
    • How is that connected to the loss of power and direction in Christianity today?
    • How is it no accident that when we have come so far from the teachings of God that there is such a threat from Islam against Israel and the Christian nations?
    • How is that connected to the coming fulfillment of the Exodus again?
  • Why does Paul write that the New Moon, Shabbat and the other festivals are “shadows of things to come” (Colossians2:16–17)?
    • Why do many translations say “only shadows”?
    • What does that teach about the importance of the moedim?
  • Why are we today according to the pattern of the moedim?
  • Which events have happened that some of the moedim have pointed to?
  • What is the point of keeping and remembering the festivals?
  • How does it hint at the cause of the vehement reaction to the teaching of the purpose and importance of the festivals when talking to Christians and Jews?
  • What two main groups of people come together in the bride married to the king during Sukkot (Festival of Tabernacles or Booths)?
  • Why did the apostles use the Greek word ecclesia to describe the body of believers in Messiah Yeshua?
  • Where was that word used in the Greek version of the TaNaKh (a Hebrew acronym for Torah, Nevi’im (prophets) and Ketevim (writings), commonly called “the Old Testament” by many Christians)?
  • How have most Christians and Jews been robbed of their heritage by this obscuring of the purpose of the festivals?
  • Considering that har moedim, Hebrew for “mount of the congregation,” in Isaiah 14:12 literally means “mount of the assembly for the appoint times,” what has been the goal of the Accuser, haSatan, in obscuring the festivals?
    • How have the “early church fathers” contributed to the work of anti-Messiah in this regard? Where did “replacement theology” teaching come from? [download PDF history summary, 160 KB]
      • Ignacius of Antioch (A.D. 90–110) suggested the replacement of the Passover with Easter
        • “be not seduced by fables and strange doctrines”
        • “no longer observing the Sabbath but observing the Lord’s Day”
        • “put away the vile leaven, which waxed stale and sour and take the new leaven which is Jesus Christ”
        • “it is montstrous to practice Judaism”
      • Marcian (A.D. 140s)
        • the God of the Old Testament is vile and vengeful
        • the Old Testament is no longer valid
        • He was excommunicated as a heretic by his teachings persist today.
      • Justin the Martyr
        • God’s covenant with Israel is no longer valid.
      • Melito in Peri Pascha
        • accused the Jews of killing God
      • Origen
        • developed an allegorical teaching of Scripture that trumped the literal meaning of prophecies about Israel
      • Tertullian in Against the Jews
      • Eusebius
        • a prolific church historian
        • “separate from the hostile rabble of the Jews in regards to the Easter observance

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