Genesis 21 part 1 — Son of Promise, Son of Flesh

Genesis 21 has close parallels with apostle Paul’s illustration in Galatians 4 on the “son of the promise” from the “free woman” and the “son of the flesh” from the slave woman.

Food for thought from the recorded discussion

What does it mean when in Gen. 21:1 that God “visited” or “took note” (paqad, Strong’s lexicon No. 6485) of Sarah (Ex. 30:13; Ex. 38:25)?

What was Sarah’s appointment? What count or number starts with Sarah?

When was Isaac born? How were the meetings with Adam, Cain and Abel also “appointed times”? When God asked Adam, “Where are you?” and Cain, “Where is your brother?” were these questions asked out of curiosity?

Why does the text repeat Sarah’s motherhood twice?

Why did God visit Sarah but not Abraham?

How old was Abraham when Isaac was born?

Where is the cradle of civilization?

Gen. 21:9 — How old is Ishmael at this time? What did Ishmael do? How did Sarah respond to Ishmael’s “mocking”? Why did Sarah do this? What did Sarah mean when she said that Ishmael would not be an heir (yarash, Strong’s 3423) with Isaac? What was Isaac to inherit? Was the promise just for Abraham or was Sarah to be a part of it as well? When did Abraham and Sarah realize that the promise was just as much about Sarah as it was about Abraham?

Gal. 4:1-12,21-27 — Who is the master of the son and the master of the slave in this text? Who are the guardians and the stewards in this text? What kind of power did God give the prophets? What do the sun and the constellations tell us? Why does God refer to Hagar as Mt. Sinai? When did the child become free? Who freed the child? How did Yeshua the Messiah do this? Do you believe that through Abraham you are blessed?

How did Abraham respond to Sarah’s request? What did God tell Abraham to do? Why did God tell Abraham to listen to Sarah?

Speaker: Richard Agee.


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