Exodus 12 — Israel leaves Egypt for good at the first Passover

The exile of the Israelites in the land of Egypt comes to a climatic end with the 10th plague — the death of the firstborn — and the first Passover, or Pesakh in Hebrew.

Journey to the 10

This is a series that reflects on the physical and spiritual journey of Israel from Egypt through the Sea to receive the 10 Statements of God at Sinai.

For background on this study, see:

Timing of the Festivals of Firstfruits & Shavuot — Seven Sabbaths & 50 Days

Timing of the festivals of Firstfruits & Shavuot — Journey Into the Wilderness of Zin

PDF Download a PDF document with a list of Israel’s encampments after the exodus from Egypt and the calendar showing the timing during those first three months of the exodus.

Thought Questions

What was the pattern of the 1st, 4th and 7th plagues?

What’s the pattern of the 2nd, 5th and 8th plagues?

What is the pattern of the 3rd, 6th and 9th plagues?

Have you noticed this pattern in your own life with God?

What about the 10th plague?

What does this pattern have in common with the 10 commandments?

What is the 10th commandment?

Why does God require men to be circumcised but not women?

What does Ex. 12:6 tell us about how to take care of the chosen lamb? (Dan. 8:13)

Why did God come down to Egypt?

What was the purpose of the lamb’s blood?

Why were they supposed to burn any of the lamb that remained at morning?

How did they prepare for the Passover meal?

How did they dress?

What is the difference between the Hebrew and Greco-Roman “watches”? (Lam. 2:19, Judges 7:19, Ps. 119:62, Acts 16:25)

Why are the foreigners allowed to eat matzah but not the Passover lamb?

What is a foreigner?

What is a servant?

What is a sojourner?

How do the matzah, the bitter herbs and the lamb related to the Messiah?

Who can keep the Passover?

What does the leaven do?

What does unleavened bread do?

Reader: Joshua Brady. Speaker: Richard Agee.


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