Studies in Torah

Deuteronomy 5: The 10 Words and the Holy Spirit are two sides of same coin

Thought questions

  • What is the first thing God wants His people to do, as directed in Deut. 5:1?
    • Why is it important at this time to hear so you learn and observe when you enter God’s land?
    • How is this similar to the progress of hearing God’s law before baptism?
  • In the 40 years in the wilderness, could Israel keep the “feasts of the LORD”?
  • With whom did God make the covenant of the “10 Words” (a.k.a. 10 Commandments)?
    • Why did God not make it with Abraham?
  • What did apostle Paul say about why the 10 Words were given?
    • What transgressions were different from Abraham and Israel?
  • What day did the commands come down the mountain with Moshe (Moses)?
  • What day did God’s spirit come down on the Messiah Yeshua’s talmudim (Jesus’ disciples)?
  • Did God speak face-to-face with the people?
    • Why did they need a mediator?
    • How is Moshe’s role similar to Yeshua’s?
    • How is Deuteronomy similar to “the gospel”?
  • Examine the 10 Words reiterated in Deut. 5:7-22.
    • The first word
      • What is different about the Jewish and Christian grouping of the commandments?
      • What does the Hebrew word for “before” mean in the first command, by Christian reckoning?
    • The second word
      • When you have another god above YHWH (the LORD), how are you “hating” Him?
      • What does “hate” mean in the Bible?
      • How does that relate to what Messiah when He said that unless on “hates his father and mother he can have no part of Me” (Luke 14:26)?
    • The fourth word
      • The other commands make sense, so what is so important about observing the Shabbat?
      • Why is it mentioned before honoring parents?
    • How do Moshe’s words here expound on the 10 Words from God found in Exodus 20?
    • Is Moshe changing God’s word?
    • What is the difference between “laboring” and “working” relating to Shabbat observance?
    • How does this relate to Messiah’s healing on Shabbat? (See Matt. 12:10.)
    • Why did Moshe specifically mention ox and donkey in his expounding more than just “cattle” written in Ex. 20:10?
    • What should the people’s concern be on during Shabbat?
    • How does this concept clarify the dominion man has over creation?
    • How does Shabbat encapsulate God’s role as Creator and Redeemer?
  • Why is the cloud on the mountain and over the camp described as “dark” and not “white” in Deut. 5:22?
  • What is meant by saying in that verse that Moshe didn’t “add anything more”?
    • What did God add the 10 Words to “because of sin and transgression” (Gal. 3:19)?
    • What was the promise of blessing through Abraham?
    • What did apostle John mean when he wrote that “no man has heard the voice of God” when Moshe and the people heard His voice?
    • Does this relate to what the prophets wrote about in saying “no one has heard Your words” (Is. 41:26)?
  • How is the heart of God expressed in Deut. 5:29?
    • What is missing in the hearts of the people? (See Deut. 18:15-19.)
    • How did Messiah talk, depending on who was listening?
    • What was Messiah supposed to do during His ministry?
    • How are you able to hear God’s words today based on what Messiah did?
    • Why did Messiah keep saying, “He who has an ear, let him hear” (Rev. 2:7)?
    • How does this ability and willingness to hear God affect the speed by which He moves your heart to obey Him?

 

 


Recent posts in Appointments With God


Recent posts in Discussions


Recent posts in Pentecost/Shavuot


Recent posts in Torah