Studies in Torah

Deuteronomy 5: The 10 Words and the Holy Spirit are two sides of same coin

Thought questions

  • What is the first thing God wants His people to do, as directed in Deut. 5:1?
    • Why is it important at this time to hear so you learn and observe when you enter God’s land?
    • How is this similar to the progress of hearing God’s law before baptism?
  • In the 40 years in the wilderness, could Israel keep the “feasts of the LORD”?
  • With whom did God make the covenant of the “10 Words” (a.k.a. 10 Commandments)?
    • Why did God not make it with Abraham?
  • What did apostle Paul say about why the 10 Words were given?
    • What transgressions were different from Abraham and Israel?
  • What day did the commands come down the mountain with Moshe (Moses)?
  • What day did God’s spirit come down on the Messiah Yeshua’s talmudim (Jesus’ disciples)?
  • Did God speak face-to-face with the people?
    • Why did they need a mediator?
    • How is Moshe’s role similar to Yeshua’s?
    • How is Deuteronomy similar to “the gospel”?
  • Examine the 10 Words reiterated in Deut. 5:7-22.
    • The first word
      • What is different about the Jewish and Christian grouping of the commandments?
      • What does the Hebrew word for “before” mean in the first command, by Christian reckoning?
    • The second word
      • When you have another god above YHWH (the LORD), how are you “hating” Him?
      • What does “hate” mean in the Bible?
      • How does that relate to what Messiah when He said that unless on “hates his father and mother he can have no part of Me” (Luke 14:26)?
    • The fourth word
      • The other commands make sense, so what is so important about observing the Shabbat?
      • Why is it mentioned before honoring parents?
    • How do Moshe’s words here expound on the 10 Words from God found in Exodus 20?
    • Is Moshe changing God’s word?
    • What is the difference between “laboring” and “working” relating to Shabbat observance?
    • How does this relate to Messiah’s healing on Shabbat? (See Matt. 12:10.)
    • Why did Moshe specifically mention ox and donkey in his expounding more than just “cattle” written in Ex. 20:10?
    • What should the people’s concern be on during Shabbat?
    • How does this concept clarify the dominion man has over creation?
    • How does Shabbat encapsulate God’s role as Creator and Redeemer?
  • Why is the cloud on the mountain and over the camp described as “dark” and not “white” in Deut. 5:22?
  • What is meant by saying in that verse that Moshe didn’t “add anything more”?
    • What did God add the 10 Words to “because of sin and transgression” (Gal. 3:19)?
    • What was the promise of blessing through Abraham?
    • What did apostle John mean when he wrote that “no man has heard the voice of God” when Moshe and the people heard His voice?
    • Does this relate to what the prophets wrote about in saying “no one has heard Your words” (Is. 41:26)?
  • How is the heart of God expressed in Deut. 5:29?
    • What is missing in the hearts of the people? (See Deut. 18:15-19.)
    • How did Messiah talk, depending on who was listening?
    • What was Messiah supposed to do during His ministry?
    • How are you able to hear God’s words today based on what Messiah did?
    • Why did Messiah keep saying, “He who has an ear, let him hear” (Rev. 2:7)?
    • How does this ability and willingness to hear God affect the speed by which He moves your heart to obey Him?



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