Category Archives: Torah

Numbers 23: Balaam prophesies of Israel and Messiah

Though he was reluctant to pass it along, Balaam’s prophecy would stretch long into the future of Israel and foretell actions of the Messiah.

Thought questions

  • What is the significance of the numbers 3 and 7?
    • Seven altars are mentioned three times
  • What was Balak trying to accomplish?
  • How did the goyim (Hebrew for “nations”) know the bull and ram were the offerings?
    • Who was the prophet to the goyim at tht time?
  • What was the connection between Balak’s three attempts to “change God’s mind” and the approach of the goyim to their gods?
  • Where was Israel at the time?
  • What terrified Balak about Israel’s victory over Aram (Num. 23:18 JPS)?
  • What is so prophetic about Balaam’s oracle (Num. 23:18–24)?
    • What does it mean “there is no sorcery against Jacob” and “no divination against Israel”?
    • What is meant in Num. 23:10 “count the dust of Jacob” and “number a one-1oth of Israel”?
    • Why is Jacob first and Israel second?
    • What is the difference, considering dust is a prophetic symbol for the “offspring of Jacob”?
    • When is iniquity no longer found in Jacob? What does Yom haKippurim predict?
    • Does does that bring in no more “divine” action or divination against Jacob and Israel?
    • How does this relate to the Apostle Paul’s statement that “all Israel will be saved” (Romans 11:26)?
    • How is Num. 23:21 prophetic of the monarchy period of Israel?
      • How is this a prediction of the Messiah.
    • When will Jacob and Israel rise and go to war against goyim as in Num. 23:24?
  • How do we know there were seven princes from Moab?
  • What are the goyim waiting for?
  • Why has God been blessing Israel?
  • Why has God been blessing the United States?

Numbers 21: Serpent on a pole, Messiah on a cross

Yeast is often associated with sin, yet Yeshua haMashiakh (Jesus the Christ) used it in a parable to describe a vital work of Heaven. A serpent is a frequent Bible symbol for haSatan (the Adversary), yet Yeshua connected the Moshe’s bronze serpent on a pole in Numbers 21 with healing from His death on the cross. Let’s get to the naked truth of God’s lesson here.

Thought questions

What are the “fiery serpents” in Numbers 21:6?

How has the relationship between the people and God changed now with Aharon and Miriam dead? (See Numbers 21:1-2, where Israel makes a vow to YHWH. When did Israel make this vow?)

Why is this account in the Bible if it happened after the encounter with the snakes? How is it similar to having four biographies of Yeshua’s ministry, many with a different order of events and some details?

Numbers 21:4-5: What was the “miserable bread” Israel had been given for 40 years? WHat was the “bite” of the serpent in Eden in Genesis 3?

John 3:14-15: What is the connection of the serpent being lifted up and Messiah being lifted up? Who was Messiah audience?

Genesis 2:25-3:1: Man and Woman were naked and unashamed. The serpent was more “naked” than any animals. How was Messiah “naked” or “exposed” on the cross like the serpent was exposed or vulnerable on the pole? Should the focus be upon the serpent or the pole?

Numbers 21:14: What is “the Book of the Wars of the LORD”? What does “waheb in suphah” mean?

Numbers 20: Moses is barred from entering the Land

It’s often taught that God barred Moshe (Moses) from entering Canaan because he hit the rock to start water flowing, rather than speaking to the rock. Yet it seems Moshe’s rebel yell had more to do with it and fits more with the lesson God had been teaching the people since the Exodus.

Thoughts questions

  • What is the setting of the chapter?
    • What time of year was it?
    • When during the wanderings of Israel for 40 years was this?
  • What generation was Moshe (Moses) talking to?
  • What was the complaint the people brought?
    • Why did God lead the new generation to a place that was so desolate?
  • What did God want to show them?
  • What, specifically, were the instructions God gave Moshe about getting water from the rock?
    • Hadn’t Moshe used the rod before and struck things with it before, like the Nile River and the ground of Egypt?
  • Was Moshe’s error in striking the rock, based on what he said to the people right before he struck the rock?
    • Who was being tested at the rock of Kadesh?
  • Had Israel ever called themselves “the LORD’s community” (ecclesia in the Greek translation of the Scriptures) before?
    • Why has the wording changed in this chapter to “Israel” rather than “the people”?
  • Why did the people speak to the king of Edom instead of having Moshe talk to him?
  • In what way did Moshe and Aharon (Aaron) not believe the LORD?
    • Why did Moshe call the people “you rebels”?
  • Hadn’t God promised to bring this generation into the land?
  • Why were Aharon’s priestly garments stripped from him?
  • What is the bigger picture of what’s going on?
    • Why did they mourn for 30 days for Aharon?
  • What was the high priest’s function for the people bringing gifts and offerings to God?
  • What does that teach us about Messiah’s function for us when the Accuser assails us?
  • What are the three “weightier matters of the Torah”?
    • What book of the Bible never mentions God but is all about faith in Him?
  • How did Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther live by faith?

Numbers 19 — The red heifer

One of the most mysterious passages regarding the sacrifices involved with the sanctuary and temple of Israel is the red heifer. In fact, this teaching in Numbers 19 is intimately connected with the mission of Messiah Yeshua (Jesus). Continue reading Numbers 19 — The red heifer

Numbers 17–18: Aaron’s budding leadership and God’s fairness

“That’s not fair!” The impulse to feel jealousy and resentment for seemingly being unjustly passed over for promotion, rewards, privilege, talent, looks, opportunity, etc. is what we battle against from cradle to grave. And the battle Moshe (Moses) and Aharon (Aaron) faced with fellow leaders of Yisrael (Israel) and of Levi parallels the jealousy Yeshua the Mashiakh (Jesus) faced with leaders of Yisrael and why they plotted to kill Him.

Thought questions

Chapter 17

  • How is this chapter connected to chapter 16?
  • What is the significance of the almond tree in this chapter?
    • Why are almonds depicted on the flame cups of the menorah (seven-branched candlestick in the Tent of Meeting)?
    • Why did God have all the leaders submit an almond wood staff for the “test”?
    • How many rods were submitted?
  • What were people grumbling about in this chapter?
  • Who did they see kill Korah and his family in chapter 16?
    • How might the specter of death over any misstep from God’s commands have affected the morale and attitude of the people?
    • How does Aharon (Aaron) compare to the other Levites?
  • Why did God set up Israel as a theocracy rather than a democracy?
    • To Moshe (Moses)?
    • To the leaders?
    • Why was only Aharon — one person — chosen among the choices of all the people of Israel, as Miriam and Aharon argued in Numbers 15 and then Korah in Numbers 16?
    • Why is YHWH the only One — the only God — among all the אלוהים elohim (Hebrew for “gods” or “powerful ones”) to be cherished and worshipped in the world?
    • Aren’t autocratic governments backward and totalitarian?
    • How does accountability factor into the discussion?
    • How were the American ideal of division of powers exemplified in the relationship between the LORD, Moshe, Aharon and between the Father and Messiah Yeshua?

Chapter 18

  • Has God spoken directly to Aharon (Aaron) before?
  • Why was Aharon responsible for the sins of all Israel?
    • What does that picture?
    • For what is Messiah Yeshua responsible?
    • What were the Levites supposed to receive from the people, and what were they to do with it?
    • How were Yeshua’s disciples related to Him that is similar to Aharon’s relationship to the other Levites?
  • Is Aharon better than everyone else in getting to eat the “best of the best” of the offering?
    • What does he do that warrants those gifts?
    • What does Aharon’s rod’s budding picture in relation to the position and mission of Yeshua the Messiah?
  • How are Aharon and Yeshua similar?
    • Why is such an important message buried in such seemingly archaic instructions?
    • What do we give to the “priesthood,” or our High Priest, Yeshua the Messiah?
    • How should we approach the gifts we give our High Priest per the “best of the best” principle in this chapter and Romans 12?
    • How were the roles of the priests and the apostles similar in their mission related to the gifts the people present?
  • After reading Numbers 16–18, what is the combined message of the stories and commandments therein?

Numbers 16: Korah rebels against God’s anointed

The betrayal by Korakh (Korah) against Aharon (Aaron) mirrors the rejection of Yeshua the Mashiakh (Jesus) by leaders of Yisrael (Israel) at in the first century A.D. We can see a foreshadowing of Yeshua’s grace through Aharon’s reaction to the rebellion.

Thought questions

  • What is the situation in this chapter?
    • From the people’s perspective, who were doing the actions and calling the shots?
    • Who else beside Moshe (Moses) and Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus) could speak and death would come?
  • What are the two challenges in this chapter?
    • Why is the challenge between Korakh and Aaron significant? Who is “holy unto the LORD’?
    • Is the challenge similar to the predicted challenge between Messiah and anti-Messiah?
    • Between Miriam and Aharon on one side and Moshe on the other?
  • How did Aharon “make atonement” for the the people to stop the plague? What is the incense for?
    • How is Aharon’s action similar to Messiah’s? Who does Moshe represent in this incident?
    • How is this symbolism of Moshe and Aharon similar what we see in the 10 plagues in Mitzraim (Egypt)?
  • Where does Moshe’s power to open the earth come from?
    • What was Peter’s greatest miracle?
  • Why did the whole family of Korah die for his rebellion?
    • Do children need baptism before adulthood to protect them?
    • What about the instruction in the Torah to execute a rebellious child (Deuteronomy 21:18–23)?
    • Are rebellious teenagers doomed to destruction?
      • Do they know the difference between right and wrong?
    • How does the Bible passage “I can kill and make alive again” (2nd Kings 5:7) affect popular culture’s view that God warrants wanton destruction of the innocent?
    • How does the prophecy of the Valley of Dry Bones in Ezekiel 37 help us understand this dilemma better?
    • What will happen to those who die or are killed while in rebellion or apart from God at the resurrection?
    • Is a rebellious person evil?
    • What are “sins that lead to death” that we read about in apostle Yochanan’s (John’s) writings?
  • What does the Psalm of the Sons of Korah (Psalm 84) tell us about the tragic impact of Korah’s rebellion?
  • What does a “young man dying to save him from the trouble that is coming” have to do with the deaths of the women and children of the rebellious and wicked?

Numbers 15: Of tassels of blue, Sabbath reverence and offerings

After the accounts of rebellion and fear in trusting God’s leading into Canaan (Numbers 13–14), there’s this passage talking about types of offerings, tying blue-corded fringes on clothes and setting aside a memorial portion of each loaf, called challah. These may seem like grab-bag topics, but they all are connecting to a life of faith.

Thought questions

  • What is the purposed of the whole congregation’s offering a bull?
    • What does a bull represent?
  • What does the she-goat represent?
    • Why a male goat for the nation and a female goat for the person?
  • What does the Passover lamb symbolize?
  • What’s the difference between the burnt (khol), grain (minkhah), guilt, sin and fellowship (shalom) offerings?
    • Are these sacrifices obsolete, as many Christians teach?
    • What are the sacrifices we offer today, in light of Romans 12:1 and Hebrews 13:15–16?
    • What about freewill offerings?
    • What is the equivalent today?
  • Isn’t killing someone for collecting wood on the Sabbath unreasonably harsh?
    • Why do violations of the Ten Commandments bring death when restitution is available for theft?
  • What is challah bread?
    • Why do we lift the bread to God when we bless it?
  • What are the tassels (in Hebrew, tzitzitot) described in Numbers 15 for?
    • Do they have relevance for us today?
    • What is the blue cord in the tassel?

Reader: Jeff. Teacher: Richard Agee.