God’s appointments with His people — moedim in Hebrew — in the spring drew from the imagery of the departure of ancient Israel from Egypt and the first harvests of barley and wheat. The fall moedim come at the end of the agricultural cycle in the land of Israel and revolve around the second wheat harvest as well as those for olives and grapes.
These two sets of moedim also foreshadow the work of Messiah, with the spring moedim telling the story of Yeshua’s arrival on earth and leading God’s people out of slavery to sin and the fall moedim pointing toward a time of final judgment and God’s dwelling with mankind in a rebellion- and war-free world forever.
Obviously, elements of the fall appointments can be found in Yeshua’s first coming and elements of the spring ones in His second coming, but these appointed times serve as reminders of God’s overarching plan to reconcile a rebellious world to Himself.
|Appointed time||Timing||Description||In the Bible||Teaching|
|Feast of Trumpets||1st day of the 7th lunar month since spring||Judaism calls it Rosh haShanah for the Hebrew term for New Year. In the Bible, it is called the Day of Blowing (Trumpets), or Yom Teruah. Held on the New Moon to start the seventh month, it begins what has been called the 10 Days of Awe. It’s an even more heightened time of soul-searching that’s part of the 40 days started a month earlier.||Lev. 23:23-25; Num. 10:1-10; Joel 2:1; Rev. 8:1-6||Pay attention to what God is trying to say. Humble yourself before God. Trumpet blasts foreshadow the coming of important messages and God Himself.|
|Day of Atonement||10th day of the 7th lunar month; 10 days after Trumpets||Called Yom haKippurim in Hebrew, or the Day of Coverings, the high priest of Israel performs the entire ritual of removing the stain of sin from the community, while all the people are doing is afflicting themselves via prayer and fasting.||Lev. 16; Lev. 23; Heb. 7–10||God will cover over our failings by placing the penalty of our wavering from full devotion to Him on an innocent. God will remove the “stain” of our rebellion against Him and those around us forever.|
|Festival of Tabernacles||15th day of the 7th lunar month; 5 days after Atonement||Also called the Feast of Booths or Sukkot in Hebrew. This is the celebration of the second wheat harvest as well as the bringing in of the olives for oil and grapes for wine. Israel was to build temporary shelters, or tabernacles, out of certain species of trees and live in them for seven days. A mysterious eighth day follows this festival and became considered part of it.||Lev. 23:33-44; Zech. 14:16-19; 2 Cor. 5:1-11||Human life is fragile and temporary, like a makeshift shelter. However, God sent Messiah Yeshua to pitch His tent with us, and God plans to do likewise permanently.|